Socioeconomic Status And Childhood Obesity Essay

2607 words - 10 pages

Childhood obesity is a nationwide epidemic. Being overweight or obese in childhood are

acknowledged to have a substantial effect on both physical and psychological health. The

instrument of the advancement of obesity is not fully recognized and it is understood to be a

condition with various causes. Ecological factors, lifestyle preferences, and cultural upbringing

play vital roles in the mounting pervasiveness of obesity globally. In general, overweight and

obesity are anticipated to be the products of an escalation in caloric and fat intake. On the other

hand, there are accompanying evidence that disproportionate sugar intake by soft drink,

increased portion size, and continual decline in physical activity have been playing key roles in

the rising levels of obesity all around the world. (Dehghan, Akhtar-Danesh, & Merchant, 2005).

Although the definition of obesity and overweight has changed over time, it can be

defined as an excess of Body Fat (BF). There is no consensus on a cutoff point for excess fatness

of overweight or obesity in children and adolescents. The Center for Disease Control and

Prevention defined overweight as at or above the 95th percentile of BMI for age and "at risk

for overweight" as between 85th to 95th percentile of BMI for age (Dehghan et al., 2005).

Almost all investigators agree that prevention could be the significant plan for monitoring the

current epidemic of obesity. Until now, most methods have concentrated on altering the

behavior of persons in diet and exercise. It seems, however, that these approaches have had a

modest impact on the mounting growth of the obesity epidemic. While approximately fifty

percent of the adults are overweight and obese in many countries, it is problematic to lower

excessive weight once it becomes established. Children should therefore be deemed the main

concern for intervention strategies. Prevention may be accomplished through a range of

interventions targeting built environment, physical activity, and diet. Some of these hypothetical

strategies for intervention in children can be applied by targeting preschool establishments,

schools or after-school programs as natural settings for shaping the diet and physical activity.

(Dehghan et al., 2005). Fast food is also consumed every day by one third of American children

age four through nineteen; it is projected that this increases their weight by 6 pounds per year. If

our children continue to gain weight at the present rates, obesity will soon become the principal

cause of death in the United States (Miller, Rosenbloom, & Silverstein, 2004).

Reports of low-income children taking part in nutrition assistance programs in the United

States have showed no variation or a slight reduction in the prevalence of obesity between the

early 2000s and 2007 or 2008 (Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2012). Similar to the results

reported herein, Previous findings...

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