Sociological Perspectives: Discussion Question 1 Essay

714 words - 3 pages

According to Merriam-Webster the definition of sociology is “the study of society, social institutions, and social relationships”; and the definition of perspective is “the interrelation in which a subject or its parts are mentally viewed.” Sociological perspectives/theories offer us with multiple perspectives to observe our social world with. The three main sociological perspectives are: Interactionism, Functionalism, and Conflict Theory; each perspective giving reason and understanding to our social behavior and society.
The Interactionism perspective, also known as Symbolic Interactionism, advises sociologists to think about how people interact with each other on a day to day basis, and how symbols play daily roles and what they mean. How social order and social change come about within our families and peers. Interactionism is closely associated, but not limited to the micro level of sociological analysis. Interactionism is micro-sociological and speculates that importance is formed through the interactions between individuals, mostly face-to-face. Interactionism traces its origins to Max Weber's assertion that individuals act according to their interpretation of the meaning of their world. Today, as I was waiting at a light to get on Lake Shore Drive There was a homeless man hoping to get a few dollars to support his family. A man in a brand new, sparkling silver Mercedes Benz drove up, rolled his window down and called the homeless man over. The next thing I know I heard him yelling at the man about him being a low life, then rolled his window up and sped off. Obviously since he’s in a very nice car, he has a good job, which gives him the right to look down on those that aren’t in the same social or economic class as him.
The Functionalism perspective explains that each part of society depends on another to function. Functionalism is heavily associated with Emile Durkheim, who was mainly involved in how social order is possible and how society continues to be fairly stable. It portrays each part of society in stipulations of how it contributes to the...

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