In this assignment, I will be conducting a Sociological analysis of a piece of naturally occurring interaction between two people. I will complete this by doing a transcription the piece of interaction using the work of Harvey Sacks and his work on conversation analysis. For this the piece of interaction I have used is that off a radio station. This involves George Galloway hosting his programme on Talk Sport and having a debate with a male who phones into the show. For this piece of interaction I will highlight many key theories that are covered in conversation analysis, such as turn taking, arguing, teasing and clashes of characters within the discourse. I will develop these aspects within this assignment and implementing this into the chosen discourse interaction.
Conversation analysis was developed as a systematic study of discourse. This was established by the American pioneers in this sector, Harvey Sacks, Emanuel A. Schegloff, and Gail Jefferson. This was further labeled as the 'systematic analysis of the talk produced in everyday situations of human interaction: talk-in-interaction' (Hutchby and Wooffitt, 1998: 13). The study of conversational analysis is an approach to understand how individuals create and understand conversations, looking into investigating the elements of turn-taking, overlapping, pauses within a piece of discourse. The early development of conversational analysis has been deep rooted within sociology, as Harvey Sacks was mainly concerned with creating a way that 'sociology could become a naturalistic, observational science” (Hutchby and Wooffitt, 1998: 25).' The critical analysist's within Conversational analysis are concerned with any discourse, being informal or formal. The most important aspect of conversational analysis is ' understanding and talk in interaction as a social process and realizing the social situations in which talk is used (Liddicoat, 2007).'
The subject of language, speech and discourse has long been investigated (Fitch and Sanders 2005), In how to do things with words, Austin (1962) outlines that any utterances within conversation are not only formative, but outlines some sentences in which he calls them Performative sentences. Following this, Searle (1969) developed speech acts theory. The method adopted within this assignment is using Harvey Sacks approach, Conversation Analysis, the main assumption used in this approach is that conversations are not just random utterances but rather a process of social interaction where the participants ensue a conversation in order to achieve a meaningful discussion.
The chosen discussion in this assignment in that of a radio show, recorded and broadcasted on TalkSport radio. This interview between George Galloway and a male that phones in, is a small part of the show (0:07 - 1:25). This clip was downloaded from YouTube. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCgWhMjZVO0). I decided to use this method of conversational analysis because “it enables repeated and...