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Sociology Essay

984 words - 4 pages

Sociology

Miss Rowbotham

Education

Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of
functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education
in society

A) Explain what is meant by ‘streaming’. (2 marks)

Streaming is when you organise children into different classes in
school depending on their ability.

B) Give two examples of ways in which the school curriculum may
be seen as ethnocentric. (4 marks)

The school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric as they only teach
main culture/religion subjects and they do not give children a broad
education.

C) Suggest three ways in which schools act as agencies of
socialisation. (6 marks)

Schools act as agencies of socialisation as they teach children
manors, the difference between right and wrong – i.e. deviance, and
they give children the chance to interact with other children and
other members of society.

D) Identify and briefly explain two reasons why females in
general are now achieving better GCSE grades than males. (8 marks)

One reason that I think females are achieving better GCSE grades than
males is that more pressure is being put on females nowadays due to
women being more determined to be treated equally to men in areas such
as jobs. Another reason, is that I think women are becoming more
independent are striving harder to reach their targets and goals.

E) Explain how the hidden curriculum and processes within
schools help to produce inequalities between children of different
social classes. (20 marks)

There are processes within the hidden curriculum which could help to
produce inequalities in children of different social classes such as
labelling and streaming. Children in the lower groups, often regard
breaking the rules as ‘cool’ therefore the teacher usually spends more
time controlling behaviour than teaching; this gives the children a
bad education as they are not being taught properly. Also, streaming
can lead to labelling e.g. someone who teaches a lower group often
expects less from then, this leads to the children being deprived of
higher knowledge to help them achieve better grades. They are also
placed into lower tier exams, making it impossible for them to strive
for higher grades and exceed other peoples’ expectations of them.
Other factors in the hidden curriculum could be language and values,
...

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