Sociology Research And Comprehension Essay

2830 words - 11 pages

Sociology Research and Comprehension

The phrase 'the welfare state is the nanny state' would be inaccurate
in M'Calman's view, as she regards welfare as an important aid to
underprivileged people who are finding it difficult to survive in
current social and economic conditions. M'Calman states that 'the
welfare state has been derided as the nanny state.'1 She is saying
that 'nanny state' is intended as a derogatory term used to ridicule
the welfare state, whose job is to assist people who genuinely require
financial assistance in order to better the quality of life for
themselves and their children.

QUESTION 2:

The given readings put forward opposed points of view on the
relationship between the 'underclass' and welfare. Robinson, Gregson
(1992) and

Mead (1989) offer the suggestion that welfare benefits designed for
the socially disadvantaged have actually 'fostered dependency,'2 and
this effectively 'deters employment.'3 Fred Robinson and Nicky Gregson
present both liberal and conservative points of view on the surfacing
of an 'underclass,' and the underlying causes are. It is cited within
their work that the 'underclass' is 'an undeserving sub-group of the
poor, who couldn't, wouldn't (and even shouldn't) be helped.'4 Mead
also gives evidence that the relationship between socially
disadvantaged and welfare programs, is one based on dependency. It is
argued within his article that 'welfare recipients are not very
responsive to economic incentives'6 and prefer the convenience that
government welfare programs offer. This is supported by the notion
that 'the underclass were actually being trapped by welfare.'5

However, Hope (1995) and M'Calman (2000) oppose the idea of a welfare
dependant 'underclass', instead favouring the idea that welfare helps
families reach the road to social mobility by providing benefits to
those who are truly struggling against adversity. Deborah Hope (1995)
claims that welfare is a 'safety net [that] stops you dropping into
oblivion,'7 implying that the socially disadvantaged use the welfare
system as a way to avoid adversity. Hope theorizes that there is in
fact no underclass in Australia and that welfare benefits do not

create dependency but rather 'an escape route from poverty.'8 Janet
M'Calman's (2000) article also employs a similar argument, theorizing
that the relationship between welfare and the poor is one based on
relief. She encourages the welfare state not to give up this
relationship, and continue to help 'suburban families rear their
children, survive misfortune and move up the social scale.'9

QUESTION 3:

a) Robinson and Gregson (1992) argue that 'the underclass concept is
vague and its pedigree is disreputable.'10 This statement suggests
that the perception of a so-called underclass is ambiguous and its
history has...

Find Another Essay On Sociology Research and Comprehension

Literature review:Reading Comprehension

1197 words - 5 pages . Students receiving instruction including teacher “think-alouds” were less likely to be unengaged or misuse strategies. (Rapp, 2007) Comprehension instruction with a focus on the meaning of the text and modeling are indicated. The research demonstrates the need for instruction in reading comprehension, including oral comprehension instruction from the beginning, as decoding skills develop. Comprehension instruction should occur during the reading

Literacy Reform Essay

1029 words - 5 pages & Abbott, 2010). Discussion Upon completion of the research for this paper, I am able to see how comprehension is embedded throughout all of the ELA standards of Common Core. The importance of teaching students in a way in which they are exposed to all components of reading, and in a way which offers the potential to teach students at all present levels was made clearer. Through the reading of this week’s sources, I see now how the present

critically assess the extent to which sociology can be considered a science - excelsior community college/intro to sociology - essay

461 words - 2 pages critical analysis to study the human social behaviour, structure, actions, policies, welfare and fairly new society. Sociology is a social science which uses various methods of imperial investigations and critical analysis to study the human social behaviour, structure, actions, policies, welfare and fairly new society. It is said that sociology is the science which looks at the behaviour of organizations of human society. In this research the

careers in sociology

614 words - 3 pages ). People who chose their major in sociology are pretty satisfied. In 2005, 71.6% of people with major in sociology said that they were very satisfied with their choice, 27.4% said that they are somewhat satisfied and only 1% said that they were not satisfied at all. (Roberta Spalter-Roth and Nicole Van Vooren. What are they Doing with a Bachelor’s Degree in Sociology? http://www.asanet.org/research/BachelorsinSociology.pdf) When student

sourthern versus nothern theories

1687 words - 7 pages , named Adam smith as the founder of sociology. However August Comte is believed to have coined the term “sociology. Sociology became a popular concept due to intervening of scientific contributions, Research journals were established, courses of sociology were now offered. Then the founding president of American sociology society- Lester ward listed Durkheim and Tonnies amongst others, as the contributors of new science. However Marx and weber were

Examining Figurative Language

1704 words - 7 pages figurative meanings of idioms has a prolonged developmental period (Cain, Oakhill & Lemmon, 2005). As such, it is not surprising that most of the research investigating idiom comprehension has used a developmental framework. This research has highlighted that familiarity, transparency, and context are three important factors in idiom comprehension (Cain et al., 2005; Nesi, Levorato, Roch & Cacciari, 2006). Idiom familiarity denotes how often an idiom

what is sociology

882 words - 4 pages experiments. The research methods and theories of sociology yield powerful insights into the social processes shaping human lives and social problems and prospects in the contemporary world. By better understanding those social processes, we also come to understand more clearly the forces shaping the personal experiences and outcomes of our own lives. The ability to see and understand this connection between broad social forces and personal

Conceptualization research proposal

1047 words - 5 pages except for from the 18 year old participants, and since this population would be teens extra precautions would have to be taken such as also getting the teens consent. In this proposed research study the participants since they are not fully developed mentally their comprehension level of what will be asked of them, may be low enough to effect answers to questions or behavior in un-desired ways. Lastly a huge limitation is other variables, data

Addressing Challenges on Acquisition of Reading Comprehension to Second Language English Speakers

1818 words - 8 pages to always improve their skills on how to teach reading comprehension effectively. Try to eliminate this approach of “one-size-fits-all” to teaching reading and try to individualize your comprehension lessons according to the learners’ abilities. Research questions Why is it so vital teach reading comprehension to second language English speakers in the foundation phase and how do we as future teachers help fill that gap? Reconnaissance

Sociological Knowledge in Nursing

1242 words - 5 pages comprehension that they need in order to adhere to their professional morals and provide quality care. Works Cited Bennett, B. (2009). Sociological Perspectives: An Introduction to the Sociology of Life and Living and Death and Dying, Canadian Edition, Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Kozier, B., Erb, G., Berman, A., Snyder, S., Bouchal, D., Hirst, S., Yiu, L., Stamler, L., Buck, M., et al. (2010). Fundamental of Canadian Nursing 2nd Edition, Toronto: Pearson Canada Inc

my paper

1587 words - 7 pages This paper is to review from articles of recent studies examining the two components of the simple view of reading the simple view of reading, which are decoding and linguistic comprehension which shows a relationship to slow progress readers. The simple view of reading was to show how reading disabilities are the results from deficiencies in decoding, linguistic comprehension, as explained by the research in these articles. The research had

Similar Essays

Sociology : Criminology. Criminological Theory And Research

2623 words - 10 pages . Slough:University Tutorial Press.Haralambos, M., van Krieken, R., Smith, P. & Holborn, M. (1996). SociologyThemes and Perspectives. Melbourne: Addison Wesley Longman.ReferencesHester, S., & Egline, p. (1992). Sociology of Crime. London: Routledge.Jupp, V. (1989). Methods of Criminological Research. London: Routledge.Moghaddam, F. (1998). Social Psychology. New York: W.H. Freeman andCompany.Pearce, M. (1990). Sociology Textbook. London: HLT Publications.

Outline And Explain Two Criticisms Of The Claim That Sociologists Can Keep Values Out Of Their Research Sociology Essay

358 words - 2 pages women are the victims of male force and the patriarchy. Some sociologists believe that the subject can never and should never be value free. Instead they believe that as a subject it should have values guiding the research. Throughout the 1970s, a debate raged between Gouldner and Becker, the only common ground that sociology should openly ‘take sides’ in research. Gouldner stood fast to his beliefs that sociologists cannot ignore their values

Introductory Sociology Essay

9359 words - 37 pages studies, Diaspora, urban studies, social movements etc for academic discourse and research investigations.Scope of sociologyEvery subject has its own scope and subject matter. Sociologists differ among themselves regarding the scope of sociology. As a result, there is no unanimity of opinion amongst scholars about the scope of sociology. Some sociologists opine that sociology studies everything and any- thing under the sun, whereas, others opine that

Introductory Sociology Essay

9359 words - 37 pages studies, Diaspora, urban studies, social movements etc for academic discourse and research investigations.Scope of sociologyEvery subject has its own scope and subject matter. Sociologists differ among themselves regarding the scope of sociology. As a result, there is no unanimity of opinion amongst scholars about the scope of sociology. Some sociologists opine that sociology studies everything and any- thing under the sun, whereas, others opine that