Sociology And Lerning Essay

7733 words - 31 pages

Pregledni radPavle JakovacZNANJE KAO EKONOMSKI RESURS: OSVRT NA ULOGU I ZNAČAJ ZNANJA TE INTELEKTUALNOG KAPITALA U NOVOJ EKONOMIJI ZNANJEKNOWLEDGE AS AN ECONOMIC RESOURCE: REVIEW OF THE ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF KNOWLEDGE AND INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL IN THE NEW ECONOMYAbstraktZnanje kao ekonomski resurs postao je conditio sine qua non ekonomskog rasta i razvoja. To je najbolje evidentirano u endogenoj teoriji rasta gdje je istaknut značaj obrazovanja, istraživanja, inovacija, tehnološkog progresa te ljudskog kapitala u ekonomskom rastu. Potvrđuje to i činjenica da danas govorimo o tzv. novoj ekonomiji u kojoj su tradicionalni resursi (zemlja, rad i kapital) zamijenjeni znanjem, visokom tehnologijom, razvijenom informacijsko-komunikacijskom infrastrukturom s informacijama i idejama kao temeljnim ekonomskim resursima. Stoga svrha ovog rada proizlazi iz konstantne potrebe apostrofiranja uloge i značaja znanja u novoj ekonomiji, odnosno ekonomiji znanja. I to ne samo u kontekstu potvrde niza društvenih, tehničko-tehnoloških, proizvodnih i razvojnih promjena uzrokovanih tehnološkim revolucijama i globalizacijskim procesima kojima se poduzeća i nacionalne ekonomije moraju prilagoditi žele li opstati u nadmetanju na globalnom gospodarskom prostoru. Svrha leži i u potrebi da se znanjem omogući ravnoteža između svih interesnih skupina, odnosno da procesi ekonomskog rasta i razvoja te stvaranja bogatstva (materijalnog i nematerijalnog) konačno budu pravedni, humani i moralni.Ključne riječi: znanje, endogena teorija rasta, ekonomija znanja, jednakopravnostAbstractKnowledge as an economic resource has become a conditio sine qua non of economic growth and development. This is, at best, evidenced in the endogenous growth theory which emphasizes the importance of education, research, innovation, technological progress and human capital in the economic growth. This can be also confirmed by the fact that nowadays we are talking about the so-called new economy in which traditional resources (land, labor and capital) are replaced by knowledge, high technology, advanced ICT infrastructure with information and ideas as the fundamental resources of economic growth. Therefore, the purpose of this paper arises from the permanent need of highlighting the role and the importance of knowledge in the new economy or also known as knowledge economy. This has to be done not only in the context of merely confirming the series of social, technical, technological, productional and developmental changes caused by technological revolutions and globalization processes to which companies and national economies must adapt in order to subsist on the competitive global economy. The purpose also lies in the fact that knowledge is needed in order to enable a balance of interests between all stakeholders as well as to finally make the creation of wealth (both material and immaterial) and...

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