Sociology of Health and Illness
The sociological approaches focus on identifying the two sociological theories. We critically analysed the biomedical model and doctor patient relationship. We also evaluated how the medical professionals exercise social control and medical professional’s contribution to ill health. The difference between society and health is studied by sociologist in relation to health and illness. This also discusses health in relation to social institutions for example family, employment and school. However, health can be defined in a number of ways such as negative and positive.
The negative is where health is perceived to be the absence of disease or abnormalities in the body. This is similar to the positive is where health focuses on the presence of certain attributes, rather than the absence of them. This is different from the world health organisation (WHO 2008) where health requires a person to be completely physically, mentally and socially well, but not just the absence of disease and illness. This also requires the person to be socially and economically productive in order to be seen as healthy. According to Mildred Blaxter (1990), there are different ways of defining health. Furthermore, disease can be seen as the presence of an abnormality in part of the body or where there is a harmful physical change in the body such as broken bones. So, illness is the physical state of disease that is to say, the symptoms that a person feels because of the disease. However, there is some limitation of these definitions which is not merely an absence of disease but a state of physical, mental, spiritual and social wellbeing. (Haralambos and Holbon 2009 p: 50).
Therefore, there are social control methods which can be referred to as a member of society by following the prospects associated with their roles. However, it is difficult to think of society without rules in order to create guidelines to deal with deviant members, but there are other ways of social control in society. For example police, judicial system and schools. In addition the biomedical model has controlled the industrialised society by focusing on the cure for using the scientifically tested methods without concerns to the environmental and social factors. However, according to Jewson (1976) he states that there are three stages of biomedical model but the focus is on the two such as age and medicine. In the previous centuries doctors used to ask patients about their illness at home but today hospitals took over. This way the patients depends on the doctors knowledge and professionalism for help whereas the social model suggests that, it is social and environmental factors that makes the poor people more venerable to disease.
The biomedical model use advanced medicine to treat patient and this has helped to increase life expectancy of people. The medical professionals also have a high status based on their training, but the social models...