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Sociology Of Health And Medicine Essay

2595 words - 11 pages

Mike Bury (2001) has undertaken a considerable amount of research on illness narratives and its different forms. Illness narratives and narrative analysis can be evaluated through three different types. The first is contingent narratives, ‘which address beliefs about the origins of disease, the proximate causes of an illness episode, and the immediate effects of illness in everyday life’ (Bury 2011, p. 263). Secondly, another form of narratives are moral narratives, which ‘provide accounts of (and help to constitute) changes between the person, the illness and social identity, and which help to (re) establish the moral status of the individual or help to maintain social distance’ (Bury 2011, p. 263). Lastly, Bury defined the third form of narrative as the type of core, a form ‘that reveal[s] connections between the lay person’s experiences and deeper cultural levels of meaning attached to suffering and illness’ (Bury 2011 p. 263). These definitions of the different types of narrative analysis assist in understanding the accounts that are presented by individuals whom discuss their health concern in a narrative concept. The chosen concern and debate in health and medicine that has been chosen for this discussion is the narrative analysis of the link between marijuana use and work/school performance, which was produced by Moravek, Johnson & Dunlap (2007). Through this enriched understanding of the importance, value and meaning of narrative analysis, the effects of this concern of health and medicine are much easily grasped. In this narrative research, various positive and negative consequences have been outlined by those participants’ accounts that have partaken in this research. Of the 92 participants involved, there were semi-structured interviews conducted over a five-year period to understand how their beliefs changed from their previous narrative analysis. This was made possible through the question that was asked to all interviewees, ‘since our first interview, do you think your use of marijuana/blunts has affected your performance at work/school? If it has, tell me how’ (Moravek, Johnson & Dunlap 2007, p.9). The narratives that have been outlined through this research study take the forms of contingent, moral and core narratives.

Although there is an abundance of previous research conducted on the effects of marijuana use on work/school (Earleywine 2002, Neinstein 2002, Roffman, R, Stephens, R & Marlatt G 2006), the participants involved continue to have both positive and negative accounts for marijuana use on work and school. The various detrimental effects range from the effects that marijuana has such as the changes of capabilities that are required for activities such as work and/or study. These include motivation, memory and cognition and also capabilities of vehicle operation for work including visual perception and divided attention. The use of marijuana has been found to have a range of harmful effects on the health state of an...

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