Sociology question on Marx
1. Briefly outline the relationship between, Hegel, Feuerbach and Marx
Hegel who was an idealistic philosopher he developed the theory of
dialectical. Hegel applied the dialectic theory to the history of
human society; he used idealism instead of materialism. Hegel moveable
variables in his dialectic were human ideas and thoughts. He came to a
conclusion that society is essentially an expression of people’s
thoughts. Hegel also claimed that when a conflict occurs between an
idea or thoughts, new ideas or concepts are created and adopted by
society so that improvements can occur and society can progress
forward for the good of everyone.
Feuerbach was a philosophiser who criticised Hegels uses of
philosophical ideas. Feuerbach claimed that ideas didn’t create
reality, but held that reality creates ideas (materialism). Feuerbach
had a floor in his materialism concept his floor was that he saw ideas
as automatically stemming from being a part of society and claimed ‘to
be is to know’, which means Feuerbach claim that ideas come from a
person experience in society.
Karl Marx took aspects of both Feuerbach and Hegel work, and adapted
them to his own way of thinking; because of this Marx work falls into
the centre of the objective and subjective spectrum. Marx took Hegels
subjective dialectic and applied it to the area of class conflict to
the dialectic instead of ideas and thoughts that Hegel applied it to.
Marx adopted Feuerbach theory of materialism, which he claimed society
was created by ideas (‘to be is to know’). Although Marx used these
two-pieces of philosophical theories into his work he added his own
element of social practice. Social practice was used by Marx to show
how society gets to know the material world; Marx claims society does
this by welcoming change. He takes Feuerbach concept of ‘to be is to
know’ and changes it to ‘to do is to know’. What Marx meant by this
was to understand society you need to know how it was formed.
2. What is meant by historical materialism?
Marx see the first priority of human survival is to ensure physical
survival through producing the means of substance and begin to control
nature. Marx claimed that if a person’s necessities are not met, such
as shelter and food then no other process could happen. Marx argue
that the way society organises its production is the most fundamental
and important aspect of human existence and this is the trigger that
starts and develops other aspects of human activities. The
organisation of production force members of society to work together
to produce goods and services necessary for survival. People working
together develop social relationships; these relationships Marx claims
develop into a ‘mode of life’, which he argues to shape human nature.
3. Outline Marx...