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Sociology Theory Essay

867 words - 4 pages

We use many different lenses through which to see our modern world. Microscopes are used to see things that are too small for the naked eye, telescopes are used to see things that are too far away for the naked eye, and cameras are used to capture a moment in time. In the world of social sciences we often view things through similar, intangible lenses or what we call perspectives. Sociologists today employ the three main theoretical sub-perspectives: the symbolic interactionist perspective, the functionalist perspective, and the conflict perspective. . Through the analyzation of William Goulding’s novel The Lord of the Flies, these sociological perspectives can be applied to understand ...view middle of the document...

Every meeting the boys have is governed by the conch, he who holds the conch has the right to speak. So an unofficial, mutually recognized idea on the island is that the conch can be synced with power. This is where Symbolic Interactionalism comes in. The society of boys on the island attaches a general meaning to this symbol, yet the individuals also maintain their own perceptions of what it means, apart from the rest of the group. When there is a disagreement over who should be leader amongst the boys, the unity is broken and the tribe is divided into two separate tribes. Half of the boys agree with Jack, and the other half agree with Ralph. In this stage of the novel, Ralph’s tribe is in possession of the conch. By them having the conch in their possession it allows for them to keep the fire going and meet peacefully, discussing any issues that need to be addressed. Things are very orderly and efficient in this tribe. Yet when the focus shifts to Jack’s tribe that is absent of the conch, they are referred to as savages, there is no type of organization or structure whatsoever. As the society of the island decays, and with the absence of the conch, Jacks’ group of boys digresses into primitive behavior, and the conch shell loses its influence amongst them. It is a mere object that is physically worthless, but with the mutual communication of the boys it was given sacred meaning. Ralph and his followers linked the Conch with democratic power, and Jack with selfish personal and moral corruption. The behavior that was demonstrated amongst the two...

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