Socrates In Phaedo Essay

1589 words - 6 pages

Socrates in Phaedo In Phaedo, the entire text has something to do with the soul when somebody dies. Socrates explores the philosophical knowledge involves the separation of body and soul, the fear of death, and the proofs that address this fear.According to Socrates, the right practice of philosophy is practicing for death and dying, and only this way can the soul be still exist with reason. Socrates bases his logic on the reasoning that death is the separation of the soul from the body. To be prepared for this occurrence, the person must be ready to accept the fact soul would still be alive after the death of humans.The body is like a protective shelter for the soul and it's known to decay after death and the soul would leaves the body and lives eternally. Socrates realizes that and soul accumulates knowledge from the past and it's part of our lives and it's not limited by the mortality. Therefore, to Socrates, who claims to be a philosopher, he learns to focus on the soul and not the body. Ultimately, the philosopher should stay away from the body because the body causes desires for foods, water, and more and therefore would distracts a person from attending to the soul.Socrates goes on to explain that it is not possible to find any truth with the body and its senses, as the body is constantly being deceived in one way or another by what the body perceives. (65b) Through only the reasoning, one look passes the body and can realize the reality. Reasoning is most accurate when it is not hindered by distractions arises by the body's needs and senses and it's it why we should try separate from them, just as death does, the body from the soul.To Socrates, this is the only way to be able to explore the concept of absolute justice, absolute beauty and goodness, which cannot be understood by any of the body's sense and must be approached through the reason. (65d) After the explanation of soul's separation from the body, Cebes brings up a point that men are very prone to disbelief. They fear that when the soul leaves the body it no longer exists anywhere, and that on the day when the man dies it is destroyed and perishes, and when it leaves the body and departs from it, straightway it flies away and is no longer anywhere, scattering like a breath or smoke. (70a) For Cebes comment, Socrates counter with another question that weather or not the souls of the dead exist in the underworld. Socrates offers the theory that just like the dead in the underworld comes from the living, the living comes from the dead arriving back form the underworld. If this theory holds truth, then the soul must exist for the time between the living to dead and dead to the living. For the living can only comes back from the death if there is soul.To strengthen the theory, Socrates gives several arguments, and these arguments are his proofs as to why the belief that the soul is eternal is the valid one. First, he takes the example of living comes from the dead and vice versa and...

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