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Socrates Not Perfect I Got A A At Uc Berkeley On It Essay On How Socrates Arguments Are Contradictory And Can Be Proven Faulty. This Essay Proves A Few Of Socrates Arguments Faulty.

1249 words - 5 pages

Everyone at some point in their lives has asked someone for advice, namely a friend or family member. Many times an individual tends to ask for more than one person's advice in order to get a different perspective concerning the same matter. Which advice is best? Whose advice out of the many should one listen to? Socrates addresses these same questions in Plato's dialogue The Crito. In the middle of a Socratic dialogue, he asks Crito, "should a man professionally engaged in physical training pay attention to the praise and blame and opinion of any man, or to those of one man only, namely a doctor or trainer"(47b). This question is indicative of Socrates belief that one should listen to the "expert" that knows best rather than the majority. Socrates argues that following popular belief instead of the moral experts will "ruin" life and thus make it "not worth living". From this premise, I plan to show that Socrates argument is flawed as he leaves too many questions unanswered and his belief relies much too heavily on assumption. In addition, Socrates argument relies on a false premise, my argument reads as follows:Socrates suggests that if there are moral "experts", we should listen to them. This is a flawed statement since there is no such thing. Morality as a whole differs from opinion to opinion and person-to-person, what is "right" and moral to one person isn't necessarily "right" and moral to another. For instance, the tragedy of 9-11, Americans view as a horrible, blatantly wrong, inexplicable cowardly act. However, in the eyes of the Muslim assailants they were not doing anything wrong and it was in their "morals" to do such a thing and not be punished. Therefore, there could not be an "expert" on "morality" since morality varies from nation to nation and as proved by the above statement, can have such contrasting viewpoints. Advice is given based on information received or assumptions made, in the case of morality; and "expert" is a myth. There can be individuals that have great knowledge about morality as a subject but definitely not when it pertains to every single person. Socrates went wrong when presuming that "morality" is universal, it is not and differs from nation to nation, and this is one instance in which Socrates argument is flawed. There is no such think as a moral "expert".In addition, Socrates argues that one should not listen to popular opinion for the sake of conforming to the masses. Rather, one should follow the view of the "one" or "few" knowledgeable individuals with "expert" knowledge, as they know best and are keen to particular individuals needs, having that "expert" knowledge. Socrates suggests that if one doesn't act as the expert advises they may be harmed: "? if he disobeys the one, disregards his opinion and his praises while valuing those of the many who have no knowledge, will he not suffer harm?" (47c). Socrates needs to clarify exactly what he means by "harm". Is one actually going to be harmed for listening...

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