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Socrates, Plato And Aristotle Cannot Be Considered As Members Of A Same Philosophical Movement

1024 words - 5 pages

While they were either teachers or students of each other and were from the same location and era, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, were different. It has been suggested that they are from the same philosophical movement, but despite their similarities, they had very different ideas and focuses in their work. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle each had their own ideas and direction with their philosophy and had different directions in their thinking.Socrates, the first of these great philosophers was an amazing thinker, but never wrote anything down. It was up to his student Plato to do this later on, on his behalf. Socrates believed that he was so wise because he was aware of his ignorance, unlike ...view middle of the document...

To do this, Plato thought it best to create a foundation for these thoughts and did so with his doctrine of ideas (Coffin 2005, 133). This is where Plato begins to stray from Socrates' ideas. While Socrates was focused primarily on the thought of ethics, Plato started to move in a more social direction. He believed that there were certain ideas that are unchanging, perfect and eternal (Boeree 2000). There are Ideas of tree, shape, color, proportion and more. The highest though was the Idea of "Good". This Idea was the guiding principle of the universe. Plato became more and more focused on "the Good" and began to seek social harmony, and while still very influenced by Socrates, Plato was straying from Socrates' study of ethics. Plato dreamed of a social movement through an entirely fictional world that sought social harmony. This world was made up of many different social levels, but was ultimately governed by the "Guardians". This was not simply a caste system however, because it was someone's natural ability that gave them their place in society, not their parent's social standing (Boeree 2000). He also believed that proper education of the authorities would prevent them from being corrupted. So, while these thoughts may have originally sprung from the intent to create a foundation for the ethical beliefs of Socrates, Plato's "Ideas and forms" has obviously caused him to stray from those and seek his own direction. It does not stop here however. Aristotle, is quick to follow Plato, but again ends up seeking his own direction.Aristotle agreed with Plato on many points and was a very devout student but also went his own direction. Aristotle borrowed from Plato's beliefs in his "Ideas and Forms"...

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