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Soda Consumption And The Risk Of Stroke In Men And Women. By: Bernstein, De Koning, Flint, Recrode & Willett,

1135 words - 5 pages

Literature Review

The hypothesis for this research paper is that educational pamphlets provided to Denver School of Nursing students on the health risks of regular and diet soda will not influence the students desire for consumption. “Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, including soda has increased in the United States over the past three decades” (Bernstein, de Koning, Flint, Recrode, & Willett, 2012). The following papers used for this research all emphasize and educate readers on the possible health risks involved in the consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages.
Soda Consumption and the Risk of Stroke in Men and Women. By: Bernstein, de Koning, Flint, Recrode & Willett, 2012. This article discusses the consumption of sugar sweetened beverages and how they have been seen to increase the risk of cardiometabolic disease. The researchers state that there has been a link between consumption of sweetened beverages with weight gain, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, gout, and coronary artery disease (CAD). The researchers identified a link between CAD and BMI to be independent, the link between the two has to do with hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction which are the underlining relationship between CAD and BMI. This article also emphasizes the relation that has yet to be closely examined which is the relationship between soda consumption and strokes. The consumption of soda and its link to strokes is a major contributor to the cause of morbidity, mortality and health care problems in the U.S. (Bernstein, 2012). This article goes on to explain the research and correlation between strokes and stroke risk in relation to soda intake as well as, risk modification by diabetes and hypertension. Researchers conclude that with this research they found that the greater the intake of sugar-sweetened and low-calorie sodas was associated with higher risk of stroke (Bernstein, 2012).
In the article “Sucrose Compared with Artificial Sweeteners and Different Effects on Ad Libitum Food Intake and Body Weight after 10 wk of Supplementation in Overweight Subjects”. By: Raben, Vasilaras, Moller, & Astrup, 2002. The Article discusses the effect that sucrose has with overweight subjects that consume large amounts of sucrose and how with such a large intake of sucrose this led to increased energy, body weight, fat mass, and blood pressure after just 10 weeks and how these same effects where not seen in the subjects that consumed the same amount of artificial sweeteners. The article also talks about how researchers did a long-term intervention with artificial sweeteners which they saw can increase compliance as well as improve the quality of life and that it could also help to maintain weight loss in subjects. The article concludes with the statement that individuals may want to reconsider what they drink and maybe choose artificial sweeteners to prevent weight gain.
“Intake of Sugar-Sweetened...

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