Solar energy in UAE
The topic of energy has become the preoccupation for all developed and developing countries in the recent decades for environmental and financial concerns. Despite the different reasons, there is one solution which is to transfer to renewable sources to generate power. For UAE, solar energy is the main renewable energy that can be used. The United Arab Emirates used to rely extremely on fossil fuels for its energy, but for the current time, many projects are running out to use solar power as a way to produce electricity and many projects are planned to be implemented in the future.
In the past, fossil fuels were the only source to generate power and electricity in the country. At the beginning of his article “Solar power in the UAE soon to be more than a mirage”, Vahid Fotuhi showed the massive productivity of solar energy in Europe region compared to UAE in the past years and explained the reason behind that. A full ...view middle of the document...
In addition, there have been smart innovations to avoid the problems that faced the government for using solar panels, one of the main solutions was the storage system which allows to store energy above 9 hours, and another one is the robotic cleaning system that will maintain power by reducing external vulnerability, according to April Yee in her article “Sun shines on Masdar solar hopes” the robot that has been tested for the first time in the World Future Energy Summit will be used in Abu Dhabi projects.
Moreover, there are some cities that have taken their first steps in the use of solar energy, for example, Abu Dhabi started in Masdar City project that aims to build the world's first zero-carbon city and also opened Shams 1 station; the largest Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plant in the world which generates electricity from the heat of the sun rather than sunlight as used by solar photovoltaic technology. Dubai also had its share of the emerging projects where it launched its first project on the last March; Mohammed Bin Rashid Solar Park; the largest solar plant in the Middle East.
However, the country was not sufficient with only these projects, many future plans under development and implementation will take the country to a high level in the use of solar energy. Dubai and Abu Dhabi started to work on a program to fix up rooftop panels that supply electricity to households and businesses and feed excess power into the grid. There are a lot of concerns about the government budget that will be effected by the costly panels and instillation costs and we have also the grid stability but as Florian Neuhof mentioned in her article “To harness the sun, first break it into little pieces”, all these issues will be solved. First, science the average household in the Emirates uses about 10 times as much electricity as its in Europe’s household there will be no problems in the grid stability. Second, in the term of the financial status, it’s expected for the costs to fall after building the market and this will help to stabilize the government's budget.
In conclusion, so far a solar revolution occur not only in all the Emirates but also in the Gulf region, positive signs indicates another Arab spring, but this time in the field of renewable energy.