This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Solar System Formation Essay

1940 words - 8 pages

Our sun is the central pivot point to which or entire planet and solar system is built around. With out it all life on our planet would cease to exist. Within this paper we will explore how our Sun and solar system formed and came to resemble what we see today.
The Big Bang, the alpha of existence for the building blocks of stars, happened approximately fourteen billion years ago. The elements produced by the big bang consisted of hydrogen and helium with trace amounts of lithium. Hydrogen and helium are the essential structure which build stars. Within these early stars, heavier elements were slowly formed through a process known as nucleosynthesis. Nucleosythesis is the process of creating new atomic nuclei from pre-existing nucleons. As the stars expel their contents, be it going supernova, solar winds, or solar explosions, these heavier elements along with other “star stuff” are ejected into the interstellar medium where they will later be recycled into another star. This physical process of galactic recycling is how or solar system's mass came to contain 2% of these heavier elements.
Our solar system, as we see it today, originally formed from the collapse of a very cold and low-density cloud of gas. The mass of this cloud was composed of 98% hydrogen and helium, 1.4% hydrogen compounds, .4% rock, and .2% metal. The nebula was thought to be a few light years across and was roughly spherical in shape. The cloud was in a state of balance, it was neither contracting or expanding, until a cataclysmic event, most likely a supernova, created a shock wave through the nebula, resulting in an area of higher mass. Once this area became more massive than the rest of the nebula it begin to collapse with the area of higher mass at the center. Due to the inverse square law of gravity, the gravitational pull of the center mass only increased as the radius of the nebula shrank. The smaller the nebula became the more dense and hot the center turned.
Three distinct things happened as the nebula decreased in size: One, Due to the properties of conservation of energy, as the cloud shrunk the gravitational potential energy of the particles within transformed into thermal energy; two, due to conservation of angular momentum, as the radius of the nebula diminished the cloud would spin faster; three, the nebula transformed from its original spherical shape into a flat, almost round, disk shape. This was due to the collisions of particles within the nebula as it collapsed. All three of these are key points to how and why our solar system formed the way it did.
The sun, the most crucial part of our system, was at the center of this collapsing nebula. As stated above, as the gas cloud shrank the thermal energy increased, due to the conservation of energy. This increased the temperature of the gas's within. The larger the center got the more thermal energy it would produce, hence heating up the cloud further, and the more...

Find Another Essay On Solar System Formation

Comets, meteors, and asteroids: their origin, properties, and geology

646 words - 3 pages precedes it as the comet passes perihelion (its closest point to the sun) and moves away.Modern theories suggest that comets were formed during the formation of the solar system and are permanent members of it. Astronomer J. H. Oort has theorized that a spherical shell or cloud of more than 100 billion long-period comets surrounds the solar system at a distance of 75,000-150,000 AUs. While the comets move very slowly in this huge storage cloud, a

Will the World Really End in 2012?

1227 words - 5 pages look at the sun as another way of the world ending. Many don’t know, but the sun does have storms called solar flares. Astronomers say that the earth will come to an end, but it is unlikely it won’t be 2012; more so around 4 billion years from now when the sun looses all of its hydrogen in the center, which will then swell and swallow the inner solar system (O'Neill, 2009). Astronomers state that the solar system has an 11 year solar cycle called

Chondrites: The Most Primitive Rocks in the Solar System

939 words - 4 pages from short-lived radioisotopes such as 26Al and 60Fe that were present during the formation of the solar system. The heat for the metamorphism may also have occurred during asteroids impacting each other(). Many chondritic asteroids also contained water. This water most likely came from accretion of ice along the asteroid possibly due to the accretion of ice along with rocky material. Chondrites contain hydrous minerals, such as clays, that

Solar Spectrum in the Electromegnetic Spectrum: Solar Cells

2031 words - 9 pages the energy from the sun hits the photovoltaic, light generated carriers are created, the collection of which generate a current. The generation of a large voltage across the solar cell leads to the dissipation of power in the load and resistance within the circuit. [7] Fig. 2. The cross section of a solar cell. [5] Junction Formation A photovoltaic device can be described as a system that has two metastable states (a high energy and a low

Solar Energy

1517 words - 6 pages have machines that angle the mirrors and lenses to the sun all day. This system can provide sizable amounts of electricity and create extremely high temperatures of over 6000 degrees Fahrenheit. Solar energy generators are very clean, little waste is emitted from the generators into the environment. The use of coal, oil and gasoline is a constant drain, economically and environmentally. Will solar energy be the wave of the future? Could the

HD 106906 b: The Mystery Planet

1125 words - 5 pages formation, giving them new ideas to contemplate and shows us that there is still much we don’t know about the universe. Background Information The most commonly accepted theory of planet formation is the solar nebula theory. In this theory, planets form by slowly by collecting materials leftover from its star’s formation. The pieces crash together until they form something big enough to to have a gravitational pull strong enough to make them

Death Penalty

3197 words - 13 pages space? Hypothesis: Hypothesis is something like an idea that is based on known facts and is used as a basis for further investigation. My hypothesis is that the Earth is the only planet on which the life?s possible and it is the only planet on which there is water. The planet Earth has only got moderate temperatures.DATA Formation of Solar System: Scientists believe that the solar system was formed when a cloud of gas and dust in space was disturbed

Formation of Planets

1098 words - 5 pages the Universe was formed about 14 billion years ago by a Big Bang, an explosion that also created protons, neutrons, and electrons. This report will describe the five theories and processes involved in the formation of the solar system. Planets are formed by the process of new layers on top of existing layers. The pieces that bounds to become a planet gradually grow larger in a process known as accretion. Planetesimals and protoplanets are the main

The Effect of Shading on Various Photo-Voltaic Systems

1638 words - 7 pages group of cells connected in series string, leads to the reverse bias in these cells, reverse bias and the microplasma breakdown have been explained and described physically by Bishop (1988). a comprehensive analysis have been made of the reverse biased solar cells, and applied to Bishop's model by Kovach (1995), in order to obtain conclusions regarding a hot spot formation and the yield reduction of PV panels. Alonso and Chenlo (1988) gave


1546 words - 7 pages advances in semiconductors.Bibliography1) Green, Martin Solar Cells, Operating Principles, Technology and System Applications.NewJersey, Prentice-Hall, 1989. pg 104-1062) Hovel, Howard Solar Cells, Semiconductors and Semimetals. New York, AcademicPress,1990. pg 334-3393) Newham, Michael ,'Photovoltaics, The Sunrise Industry', Solar Energy, October 1,1989,pp 253-2564) Pulfrey, Donald Photovoltaic Power Generation. Oxford, Van Norstrand Co., 1988. pg56-615) Treble, Fredrick Generating Electricity from the Sun. New York, Pergamon Press,1991. pg192-195

How did the planets of the solar system come about? How did the atmosphere change and evolve through time? What where the major geological and biological events of Earth history?

620 words - 2 pages Earth has a lengthy and intricate history. The changes that occur are two slow for people to be conscious about. Awareness of the theory of evolution is quite fresh, yet we have made a lot of progress. We will start our journey through the Earth's evolutionary timeline from nearly 5 billion years ago. Earth and nine additional planets revolve around the sun. Our researchers have reasons to believe that all the planets in our solar system formed

Similar Essays

Solar Nebula Cause Planet Formation Essay

613 words - 3 pages known as asteroids. Formation of solar system is explained by solar nebular theory. A rotating flat disk with center bulge is the solar nebula. The outer part of the disk becomes planets and the center bulge becomes the sun. This explains the compositional similarities and the common age of the bodies in the system. The inner part was heated by the young sun and the outer parts were so cold far below freezing. Condensation of nebula’s rotating

Solar Energy Essay

2288 words - 9 pages is the one that is credited with having the first conversion of solar radiation into mechanical energy. He began his researching around 1860 and in 1861 he was given the first patent for a motor working on solar power. However, Mouchout’s first model wasn’t quite the best one ever. He did a lot of experimental work and finally came up with a model that worked a lot like our models work today. Eventually, his solar energy system worked well

Alternative Energy Essay

1293 words - 6 pages need of the U.S. families. While wind power helps our environment by making electricity without making poisons, there can be bad environmental impacts of wind power formation, inclusive of wildfire deaths. Although, more recent studies show that the number of birds and bats killed by encountering wind turbines is far lower than the number killed by encounters with different tall buildings. Correct seeing of wind farms and one person turbines can

Jupiter: The Gas Planet Essay

1460 words - 6 pages ring system when taking pictures. Voyager 2 took an even more complete set of images. A current mission taking place is Juno (launched on August 5, 2011) and is expected to arrive at its destination around July 4, 2016. NASA’s words were, “Will lead to a better understanding of the formation of our solar system and planetary systems discovered around other stars”. Most evolutionist believe that when the solar system “formed” all or most of the