This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Solid Waste Management In China Essay

1928 words - 8 pages

INTRODUCTION

Solid waste management is a major environmental issue and creating huge burdens particularly in megacities. Combination of growth of population and economy corresponds to increase of municipal solid waste (MSW). Many countries which have rapid growing economies are also confronted with serious challenges in maintaining and managing their vastly increasing wastes. An alarming rate of solid waste generation is observed simultaneously with urbanization, industrialization and economic development of countries.
This report highlights the solid waste generation and waste management system in China. In China ,the total quantities of MSW generated in 2002 were 136.5 million tonnes. These alarming numbers of MSW generated in China leads to the importance of controlling solid waste pollution which is an important aspect of environmental protection in china. In 2004, China overtook the United States of America as the world’s largest waste generator. MSW generated in China was raised by 9% per year between 1979 to 1995; by the current volume of MSW generated in china it will be double by 2030. (Dan Hoornweg et al., 2005).
Waste Generation
Most MSW is produced from the daily life of local citizens , which includes paper , glass , tiles , wood , textiles , dust from industries , residual food and so on. Municipal waste is collected and transported by Local Sanitary bureaus in china. The total quantity of MSW collected and transported in 2012 was 156.5 million tonnes. Between the period from 2002 to 2012 the quantity of MSW collected and transported increased significantly. Since 2004, China has made environmental protection an important part of sustainable development strategy. People usually associate waste collection with periodic collection of household waste. But, the problem people are really facing is very complex and hazardous.

Apart from waste collected from residences, industries add up huge amount of solid waste. Solid waste is mainly divided into two major categories: residential and commercial. The residential waste category refers to the waste that is popularly called as ‘garbage’. Mainly this garbage is collected by the community services. Whereas commercial category contains industrial and agricultural waste. This category generates huge amount of waste when compared to residential category.
China has experienced rapid urbanization in the past 20 years as a result the number of municipalities classified as cities increased. The relation between urban waste, suburb waste and other waste in Pudong area are shown in the figure 1


FIGURE 1 - statistical figures from Pudong daily, china
The categorization of wastes in China in not always consistent or accurate from city to city and also badly effects the utility of data base. the most visible and...

Find Another Essay On Solid Waste Management in China

Ozone, Acid rain, and Solid Waste polution in Newfoundland, Canada

3848 words - 15 pages push to lower atmospheric air pollutants, incineration, although space conducive, also maintains its problems. All three forms of waste management have there problems. With the formation of better landfill design and site choice, landfills are becoming better managed and better contained. In the long term the only way to curb the production in solid wastes is to bring about a reduction of wastes produced. The use of composting is useful in the

What do you think about the prospect or future of bioreactor landfills in solid waste management? Should bioreactor landfills replace the traditio

600 words - 3 pages Bioreactor is a modern landfills introduced in solid waste management, thus this concept are not fully universally applied yet. The objective of this bioreactor landfills involving disposal solely of inert materials after universally applied. Therefore, it is likely that landfills will continue to receive a variety of materials with potential for environmental impact. As the leachable materials are land disposed, impenetrable barriers are

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN: LA PALMA

724 words - 3 pages serious obstacle to guaranteeing, both now and in the future, a minimum level of balanced and sustained development in accordance with its resources and potential. Perhaps the most urgent requirement for achieving sustained development in La Palma is to make a drastic correction to the current state of waste management, undoubtedly the main environmental problem the island faces, and recognised as such by both the island authorities and society in

Analyse the Potential Applications of Solid Waste as an Aggregate in Structural Concrete

6654 words - 27 pages and road construction and maintenance as well as residential construction and sewers (4). The US Geological Survey also estimates that 810 million metric tons of gravel and stone was produced in 2011 for construction purposes (5). These factors have resulted in studies being conducted on the use of alternate materials derived from waste in concrete production. This study will analyse the potential applications of solid waste as aggregate in

Human resource management in China

3502 words - 14 pages Human Resource Management has been considered as the important part of management in enterprise in the modern society because it influences on the whole member of company. Consequently, it is likely to value to look about Human Resource Management.This essay is written about Human Resource Management in the People¡¯s Republic of China and South Korea, and it will focus on recruitment and staffing, training and development and

Waste Problem and Management in Insular and Isolated Systems. Case Study in the Canary Islands (Spain)

1318 words - 6 pages The municipal waste management is becoming increasingly important in regional policies. While, on one hand there are currently high rates of recycling, it is also true that waste production grows exponentially. Waste management is a difficult task, but in the case of island territories is very complex, being isolated and limited territories. Also the need to establish a plan for restoration of degraded areas, as landfills must be considered

Human Resource Management practices in japanese subsidiaries in China

1502 words - 6 pages nominal lifetime employment system in most companies today, the lifetime employment culture is still the premise of employment there.” Differences between Japanese and Chinese Human Resource Management Investing in China is a challenging issue for companies abroad; Chinese market offers, in fact, a cheap and large labour force, a big labour participation and an enormous market with an increasing number of potential customers (Cooke, 2005

This Essay studies the informal waste management system in india in the context of spontaneous order and a libertarian tradition

3129 words - 13 pages Developments in Japan and Other Nations: A paper presented at the Shanghai Municipal Conference on Municipal Environmental Sanitation and Solid Waste Management, Shanghai, China.27. Gotoh, S. (1988), Issues and Factors to be Considered for Improvement of Solid Waste Management in Asian Metropolises, A paper presented at an Expert Group Seminar on Improving Solid Waste Management in the Context of Metropolitan Development and Management in Asian

With reference to either waste management in urban areas or transport management in urban areas, discuss the extent to which sustainability can be

895 words - 4 pages predicted to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2.2 million tonnes by 2028. In developing countries, people often live and work on landfill sites, scavenging for materials to sell or re-use. In manila, 10,000 families lived near the Smokey Mountain dump until it was closed. Although this provided income, it was not sustainable because it didn’t meet their needs; instead it put them at risk of disease. Another method of waste management is

Compare and contrast the population management strategies in India and China

1094 words - 4 pages Compare and contrast the population management strategies in India and China.India and China are both facing the same oncoming immanent disaster if nothing is done to stem the growth of their populations before their natural recourses and food supplies can no longer sustain the increasing pressure being placed on them by overpopulation.China recognized the consequences of their population growth back in the 1950's and quickly implemented a

E*Trade in China International Financial Management Class

1608 words - 6 pages The decision for E*Trade to expand into China is a crucial and challenging process. There are many factors to be calculated into the decision in order for E*Trade and China to benefit from it. E*Trade has proven for over a decade that it is extremely successful and has been tremendously valued by it's users. It has done so by not only being an entrepreneur in the United States creating the most affluent online banking system, but it has also

Similar Essays

Solid Waste Management In Turkey Essay

967 words - 4 pages SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY IN TERMS OF GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS As is seen in every country, economical factors form the basis of the relationship between the population and environment in Turkey. The conditions obliged by the economical development give rise to the demographical activities such as rapid population growth, high fertility, high dependence rates, and migration from villages to the cities. The relationship between the population

Solid Waste Management Essay

1427 words - 6 pages Policy is needed to regulate which course of action should be taken and how it should be implemented. Because of this, many plans and policies revolving around the management of solid waste have been put in place. Sometimes however, a particular policy can have its shortfalls, potentially resulting in its negative aspects outweighing the positive ones. According to the Conference Board of Canada Report, “Canadians dispose of more municipal solid

Solid Waste Management Essay

656 words - 3 pages The article is this study explains how voters in Detroit, Michigan rejected a proposal to turn solid waste collection over to a private entity to obtain a contract to haul waste for the city. The city currently has 224 employees and out of that 166 are drivers and helpers (Carrol, 2013). The city wants to switch to privatization is because residents are receiving curbside services under the private company known as Republic Services. Detroit

Privatization Of Solid Waste Management Essay

1145 words - 5 pages Privatization of Solid Waste Management Among the major environmental policies that have triggered hot debates among stakeholders and the public in general is that of privatizing solid waste management in various cities in the United States. Private companies have been operating the business of waste collection and management for many years not only in the U.S but also in the U.K and other countries. The debate has been whether by privatizing