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Soliloquy Essay Hamlet's First Three Soliloquies

2141 words - 9 pages

Hamlet's First Three Soliloquies


Hamlet's words consistently attempt to translate abstract thought into

concrete understandable forms.  The characters surrounding Hamlet

(except Horatio) never grasp Hamlet's leveled meanings, and he

constantly struggles with (yet sometimes manipulates) this

misunderstanding.  On periodic occasions, Hamlet is left alone on

stage, able to express his thoughts-unmasked, pithy, direct, complete.

These occurrences comprise Hamlet's soliloquies, and each reveals

succinctly and powerfully Hamlet's state of mind as each soliloquy is

delivered throughout the play.


"O that this too too solid flesh would melt" is Hamlet's utterance of

requested suicide to initiate his first soliloquy.  Suicide is only

unattainable for Hamlet in lieu of his intense personal piety: if he

commits suicide, he will surely lose salvation.  However, Hamlet's

religious awe begs the question; why would Hamlet want to kill himself

anyway?  Is Hamlet's life really overwhelmingly impounding,

horrifically unmanageable?  After all, he is the prince of Denmark, a

title of honor and affluence coveted by surrounding characters.


The answer lies in an examination of Hamlet's character.  Hamlet is

driven (especially at the inception of the play) by strict moral

sensibility.  He strives to act in a morally correct manner in every

situation or dilemma.  Furthermore, Hamlet feels akin or at least

feels a responsibility to guide and supervise his mother, Gertrude.

Both these character traits are under intense pressure in the context

of the opening soliloquy.  Hamlet seeks to resolve Gertrude's actions

in his mind; he tries to associate them with some valid reasoning.

Hamlet desires to ascribe some intrinsic morality to Gertrude's

actions, but there is none, and this moral vacancy tears at Hamlet's

character until he wishes to die.


Hamlet's reasoning begins with an image of his father, a noble

character manifest in his duties as king and in his treatment of

Gertrude.  "So excellent a king" and "so loving to my mother that he

might not beteem the winds of heaven visit her face to roughly,"

proclaims Hamlet.  Opposing, Hamlet depicts his uncle as "no more like

my father than I to Hercules," not a noble character in the least.

The extensive disparity between his father and his uncle is incredibly

clear to Hamlet.  This clarity poses the difficulties in establishing

Gertrude's purposes in marrying Claudius just two months after King

Hamlet's death; this act Hamlet cannot seem to resolve.


Hamlet decides, begrudgingly, that only lust could be motive for

Gertrude's heinous actions, lust derived from being a woman.  This

answer is unsatisfactory for us as the audience and for Hamlet as

well, but Hamlet can discern no alternate explanation.  Moreover,

Hamlet's censure of...

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