Existential Psychotherapy is not like any other style of counseling. Existential therapy in its foundations is a philosophy about human nature and gives guidance in how we should exist in this world. Existential therapy is an experimental alternative method of counseling. It is deeply rooted on the basis of a personal vested relationship between counselor and client (Claessens, 2010). According to Yalom, existential psychotherapy is not a specific technique or set of techniques. Yalom states that proponents of existential psychotherapy have not advocated specific training institutes because its presuppositions can underlie any form of therapy. For example, existentially speaking, the issues people experience are regarding the givens of existence. For “existential therapists “deep” conflict means the most fundamental concern at that moment” (Yalom, 1980). Existential therapists have an intimate understanding of human nature and the struggles that humans endure.
Facilitative Counseling Skills
Within the existential therapy context facilitative counseling is based in the theory of bringing the clients view of the world into alignment with of the clients existence in the world. Therapists facilitate an opportunity to broaden the mindset that is required to find the answers to the questions that lie within, in which the clients may be searching for. For example many clients ask questions about what is the meaning of life? “One view of the existential phenomenological project is that it involves the alignment of the client’s worldview, how they conceptualize and make sense of their existence, with their actual current experience of being in the world (Claessens, 2010)”.
This method of delivery addresses personal freedom to know that they client decisions will decide their fate. It also places a high value on self-consciousness. Clinicians working within this scope of practice have freer reign in developing methods of delivery due to the lack of restrictions place on the style because it’s not connected to any underlying forms of therapy. Giving therapist an opportunity to use the theory as more of a freebased research style of counseling. With so much freedom to practice therapist may find this style of counseling to be more inviting because of the chance to immediately have an impact in this field of study. Whereas in most major theories counselors find themselves rooted in rubric that classical theorist developed.
Existential therapists reiterate to clients that they cannot run from freedom and responsibility. Therapist instill in clients that their lives are in their own hands and that their life is and will be what they make of it. Too often these clients look for someone else to make the decisions for him or her. However, in existential therapy, therapists look to empower clients through helping the client to realize the decision-making process starts and ends with them.
According to Reichenberg & Seligman (2014)...