Why are so many people begging for money, sitting on the streets, searching for some sort of food? It is not everyday that we see situations like this, but it is out there constantly without all of us knowing it. Some states have more issues of poverty than others, but it is sad to think of how many people are actually considered to be in poverty. This is an inequality that concerns me a lot, and is getting worse daily. Poverty in the United States refers to people whose annual family income is less than a poverty line set by the United States government. Poverty is widespread, caused by numerous different factors such as failing markets, structural problems, unfortunate mishaps, and poor individual choices, but these can all be addressed and eventually we will hopefully pull more people out of poverty.
1 billion children live in poverty, 640 million live without adequate shelter, 400 million have no access to safe water, 270 million have no access to health services, and 10.6 million died in 2003 before they reached the age of 5 (Shah). Many people’s lives have negative aspects, so we should not take life for granted when we do receive what we would like to out of life. I believe poverty is a huge issue that we should try more to deal with and come up with some sort of solution to lessen the matter.
Warfare, natural disasters, history, the job market, our economy and society, misguided personal choices, overpopulation, are some of the main causes of poverty. We can be in absolute poverty which is when the minimum standards of living can not be met such as having proper nutrition, shelter, and health. Sociologists believe more in relative poverty, which is based on a poor standard of living or low income relative to the rest of the society. It focuses more on lacking access to goods and services instead of physical human necessities.
According to sociologists they have different theories of poverty. Structural functional theory of poverty describes more so that poverty motivates people to climb higher up, poverty and inequality serve as a specific function in society, and everything in society has a purpose and a function. The conflict theory of poverty on the other hand deals with proletariat and bourgeoisie, gaps in wealth, and conflicts causing change.
One of the more entrenched sources of poverty throughout the world is social inequality that stems from cultural ideas about the relative worth of different genders, races, ethnic groups, and social classes. Ascribed inequality works by placing individuals in different social categories at birth, often based on religious, ethnic, or 'racial' characteristics (Poverty).
When someone is being deprived of things that determine the quality of life and what we need in our everyday routines, they are considered to be in absolute poverty. Numerous people in the United States are out on the streets with no food, clothing, shelter, education, respect, employment, or even safe drinking water. Half...