Solving Perennial Traffic Congestion In Ho Chi Minh City

1819 words - 7 pages

From January to October in 2009, there were over 61 cases of over 30-minute traffic congestions, and 12 serious cases, which occurred about 40 minutes to 8 hours in Ho Chi Minh City (qdt. in Quochung). The traffic situation would be more complex in the later months, Mr. Tran, the president of Ho Chi Minh City department of transportation, declared at the meeting of searching methods to manage traffic jam in urban areas (qdt. in Quochung). This number did not mention the under 30-minute traffic jams which happen every day in the most crowded city in Vietnam, even in the off-peak hours. Thus, the traffic congestion is extremely familiar with people who are living, working, studying in there. Each street is full of cars, motorcycles, building constructions, and roadwork; people are easy to get traffic jam in the rush hours. Traffic situation is increasing to a new high-risk level. Spreading urban area to manage traffic congestion well is an extremely important in Ho Chi Minh City because the traffic jam causes air pollution, wastes time and money, which affects society as whole.
Understanding the causes of a bad traffic situation is important to find an effective solution to solve the problem thoroughly. First, over crowed population is the first reason of the traffic jam. According to the 2009 Census, there were about 4,480,255 vehicles and 7,200,000 people residing in Ho Chi Minh City (Ho Chi Minh Department of Transportation, 5). Therefore, due to the rapid growth of Ho Chi Minh City’s economy, which leads to the need of a large number of semi-skilled workers. Many people in the other provinces immigrate to this active city to looking for a better future. In 2012, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased 9.2% (“The Situation of Economy”) compared with 2011. Second, the bad traffic system is due to the increasing of traffic jam. This city is facing with a complex problem because the growth rate of transportation system could not adapt with the population and economy grows. The public transport system is old and operates inefficiently. The streets and drainage system, were built some decades ago, are narrow and damaged. In addition, Tan Son Nhat-the biggest international airport and Saigon port are still located in the urban area (Ho Chi Minh Department of Transportation, 9), so the roads have to handle the large amount of heavy vehicles every day. This problem has not had enough the concerning from the government, so the traffic system is degraded rapidly. This city does not have freeway; the parking area is about 0.1% of the urban area, does not meet 10% of the requirement (7, 9). Third, the illogical management methods of the concerning departments caused the traffic jam. To illustrate, a new constructed street just using for a couple months was dug to set up the electricity and drainage system. Those causes of traffic jam bring many negative effects to the society.
Traffic congestion has many negative effects to the development of whole...

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