Somalia's Recent Internal Struggles And How They're Trying To Resolve Them As Of April 2004.

1343 words - 5 pages

Somalia's StruggleThe world today is composed of over a hundred and ninety-two nations. Unfortunately, a considerable amount of them are plagued with conflict. Whether it is with one another, within themselves, or with both, everything should be done to get them out of their struggles. Somalia is one such nation that has been torn apart and suffered in because of being victim to internal and external problems. All international decrees and laws state Somalia to be a unified nation from its independence, but regrettably this is not so in reality. The basis of Somali conflict are found in its oppression under foreign rule, the rise of ethnic nationalism at its independence, extreme loyalty of Somali citizens to their clans, and Somalia's lack of true and balanced leadership. With the study of Somali history, future leaders and diplomats can better understand how conflicts flooded to the surface. By learning past issues, it is possible to understand how to prevent and protect the citizens from such disasters in the future.Situated in eastern Africa, Somalia forms what is known to the world as "the Horn of Africa (LOC)." Bordering Somalia are Kenya in the south, Ethiopia in the west, Djibouti in the northwest, the Gulf of Aden in the north, and the Indian Ocean is on the east. Somalia covers an area of about 638,000 square kilometers, making it just a little smaller than Texas. It is mostly a flat country except in the southern and central regions, near Ethiopia, where the land raises to a few hundred meters above sea level. The higher land area is along the northern coast, where mountains rise to about 2,000 meters (CIA). Somalia has a long coastline of about 3,300 kilometers (CIA). This long coastline has been a key factor in its history of trade with the Middle East and other parts of Africa. (CIA)The climate is a very crucial and important aspect of Somali life. The weather conditions are generally hot and dry, supporting nomadic pastoralism, which is "a social and economic system based on the raising and herding of livestock (Bartleby.com)." More than sixty-five percent of Somalia's population partakes in this way of life. The other commonly conducted lifestyle is service oriented and is practiced primarily in the northwest and in the inter river areas in the south. This is why their economy is predominately based on agriculture, and according to CIA's World Fact Book, agriculture accounts for 65% of their GPD. (CIA)Ethnically and culturally, Somalia is pretty much a homogeneous country, only having a few scattered minorities along the coastline working in cities and farming in the south. Due to their shared characteristics and settled lifestyles, clans or large groups of followers begin to emerge. These clans have controlling effect over people's lives and they grow up accepting it because it is all they have. There are six enormous clan families, Isaaq, Hawiey, Rahanwayn, Daarood, Digil, and Dir, who all are pastoral based. These six families...

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