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The Benefits Of Genetic Engineering Essay

1076 words - 5 pages

Technology and science have always worked in tandem towards mankind’s intellectual pursuit of the natural world, in particular being the research of the composition and anomalies of the genetics of all living things through genetic engineering, particularly human beings, whose intricate complexities both intrigue and frighten humanity itself with new discoveries constantly. As a consequence of the nature of researching upon the biological infrastructure of living things, genetic engineering has gathered quite a strong opposing unit of common people and scientists alike, all concerned with the ethical complications of tampering with the nature of DNA to satisfy both human curiosity and advancements. But in fact, researching the chemistry of life is absolutely necessary, as it may open new doors towards many of the modern world’s current problems including curing potent diseases, assisting the livelihoods of the less fortunate and the Earth, and also better improve the fluidity of the relationship between humanity and nature.
In particular, critics of genetic engineering vehemently believe that specifically tampering with human embryos in order to harvest stem cells geared towards the research of regeneration and the like is a serious moral offense against the natural order of life. Be that as it may, human stem cells, which hold the key towards regeneration of human organs and the prevention of birth defects, can not associated as parallels to human embryos, which have the potential to fertilize and become a fetus, the main difference being they are derived from inner cell mass (ICM), which although may be the “essence of the pre-implantation embryo,” at one point, but as it has been isolated can no longer have the potential to fertilize and develop (de Wert, Mummery, 2003). Secondly, the act of purposefully destroying a human embryo that has the potential to fertilize and mature into a human being for harvesting human stem cells is no longer a practical process. A breakthrough discovery made by stem cell scientist Haruka Obokata shows that taking specialized, adult cells and bathing them in acid can reprogram them back into immature stem cells, which scientists believe could have “great implications for regenerative medicine” and make great strides in stem cell research as a whole (Normile, 2014). Finally, although stem cells do possess the ability to support an embryo and is arguably assumed by some as the same an embryo, stem cells also have the potential to become any cell of the human body. Therefore by assuming that stem cells must be identical to embryos just because they have the potential to become one also begs the assumption that any cell in the human body can become an embryo. With the conception of new, innovative ways to bypass utilizing human embryos to extract stem cells, questioning the morality of stem cell research within genetic engineering may no longer pose as much of an imminent obstacle.
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