This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Some People Are Simply Born To Be Criminals Advanced Higher Modern Studies Essay

1427 words - 6 pages

Emily Sullivan
‘Some people are simply born to become criminals’ - Discuss this statement with reference to
biological theories to crime.
This essay will discuss the statement that ‘Some people are simply born to become criminals’ with
reference to biological theories to crime. In order to do so this essay will focus on theories starting
from Lombrosso and how the theories were developed through people such as Sheldon. This essay
will also focus on areas such as genes, body type and how this is linked to crime and also alternative
theories and the problems with biological theories.
Biological explanations are based in the notion that some individuals are inclined to criminal
behaviour because of their genetic make-up thus the statement ‘some people are simply born to be
criminals.’ The most famous study of this was the nineteenth-century Italian physician, Cesare
Lombrosso. Lombrosso studied people in prison in Italy and developed the ‘born criminal’ theory,
where criminals could be recognised by specific physical characteristics especially facial - for
example large jaws, high cheek bones and big ears. These characteristics see the delinquent
individual as inherently more prone to criminal behaviour as a non-delinquent. This theory has been
widely criticised however, Lombrosso’s theory has been developed and mirrored by many people
such as William Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck. Sheldon believes that body type is linked to
personality which is then linked to crime, Sheldon found three main body types which were
Endomorphs, Ectomorphs and Mesomorphs. He studied students and came to the conclusion that
there was higher delinquency among the mesomorphic build, a chunky, muscular physique.
Sheldon’s theory was then backed up by Eleanor Glueck (1956) who found that in a sample of
delinquents , 60% were mesomorphs while in a non-delinquent sample there was only 31% who
were of a mesomorphs physique. On the other hand, these studies took place in a jail or some form
of custody. The fact that the study was restricted to institutionalised delinquents it limits the validity
of the link between physical characteristics and crime. It is more likely that tougher-looking
delinquents are to be put away compared to fragile looking ones. Furthermore, it is evident now that
the link between delinquency and physical characteristics is a much weaker argument when social
and background factors are taken into account. This can be supported as Lester (1986) did a cross
cultural test and the data did not support Sheldon’s theory at a cross national level of analysis as
they had a different lifestyle. It is evident that the major problem with this theory is the difficulty of
distinguishing between genetic and environmental effects. It is apparent that while some genetic
influence cannot be ruled out, it is difficult to determine just what is inherited, thus showing that the
statement ‘some people are simply born to become criminals’ is correct to a limited extent. Overall,...

Find Another Essay On Some people are simply born to be criminals - Advanced Higher - Modern Studies - Essay

Are We Born as Criminals? or Crminials are Made?

1342 words - 5 pages everybody else. Kids who have been exploited and misused are more likely to grow up to be criminals since they grow up with great amount of detest which they don't know how to deal with. Therefore, one approach for adapting to the way they feel is to be vicious towards other people. Another family related issue is lacking financial means that can cause innocent, law-abiding people to become a criminal. Yet, we recognize that those facts aren't

Nature vs Nuture: Are People Born to Kill?

1780 words - 8 pages I. The case of whether serial killers are born with the lust to kill or if they are truly victims of their environment has been a hot debated question by both psychologists and the FBI today. A serial killer is traditionally defined as one that kills 3 or more people at different times with “cooling off” periods in between kills. Both psychological abuse as a child and psychological disorders are to blame for the making of a killer. The

Rebels With Cause: Why Criminals Are Made, Not Born

996 words - 4 pages , social causes and drug abuse. This leads to the ongoing debate, are criminals born or made? To answer this question: criminals are not born, but develop as such through their life experiences.The majority of crime can be linked to economic causes. First, poverty is a growing concern in our country. "Children aged 4 to 11 years, in poor families, were in worse health, more hyperactive, had poorer vocabulary and math scores, participated in few sports

Some people are never forgotten

1408 words - 6 pages Some people are never forgotten Rubin and James both had tough lives. However each boxer overcame many different adversities. These two men faced the toughest opponents outside the ring, and they weren’t alone. When Rubin battled racism and segregation, James fought The Great Depression and feeding his family. The Great Depression was worldwide almost instantly; whereas racism and segregation mostly affected blacks, but was still a tremendous

John Locke's Belief That People Are Born with Rights

1385 words - 6 pages The Liberalist View Liberalism is a political ideology that was founded on the basis of equality and liberty. According to Liberalism, life, liberty, and property are rights people are born with and they should not be taken away. In Liberia, the main political party is the Unity Party which is a liberal party that focuses on economic Liberalism. In South Africa, the Democratic Alliance is a liberal party that wants an open opportunity society

A Beautiful Sunset Some of the people are caucasian and

681 words - 3 pages A Beautiful Sunset Some of the people are caucasian and some of Asian origin. All and all most of them seem to have a single destination and purpose in mind for being here, but why do they walk all the way to the end? I can see it just as well from where I am. Perhaps it's just to feel closer.A caucasian couple walks by and turn left, walking along the narrow pathway towards the small crowd gathered at the end. They stop briefly to dig into the

Jewish community has changed New York City and some of the famous Jewish people who were born in the city

515 words - 2 pages educators to employ theater, dance and music in teaching Israeli and Arab children the basics of tolerance, co-existence, pluralism and peace in a creative and exciting manner. The one show that has come to symbolize New York City and its people is "Seinfeld". Two of the major actors on "Seinfeld" are Jewish and were born and raised here in New York City. Jerry Seinfeld was born in 1954 in Brooklyn, but mostly grew up in Masspequa, a suburb on

Power is what makes people who they are. A gun can do nothing without someone there to pull the trigger.The power to take a life rests within the person; the gun is simply just a tool

632 words - 3 pages be a gun. A gun can do nothing without someone there to pull the trigger. The power to take a life rests within the person; the gun is simply just a tool.Having power means to have strength & wealth. It allows you too influence others and be respected. Yes, it is an addiction but sometimes it is abused. The Dangers of power can be death, war, and discontent are some outcomes whenabusing power. Sometimes power can mean restriction. Sometimes

A Play I Wrote for my "Modern Femininity" Class. Some people might find it offensive. It was in response to the assignment "Write a Creative Response to Changing Role of Males in Modern Parenting"

5176 words - 21 pages redeemed at a great price from the tyranny of the Devil......blah blah blah, your soul is cleansed. Do you know what? I think we should make up a certificate. It would definitely add some more Zest.Ronald: I can't believe you're thinking about certificates at a moment like this. You didn't even wait for me to sprinkle the holy water. Just like always you are done before we've even started.Margaret: Should I read it again?Ronald: Nah, that's too

Some people think that "soft sentiments" and "romantic words" are essential ingredients in love poetry. How do three or four poems show different approaches to writing about love?

2406 words - 10 pages relationship is not about love but about the need for sex. There are many lengths some ignorant upper class people may go to for this shown within the poem, but that in the end it's the ignorance that is shown to be wrong. The underlining moral message is "think of the consequences of sex before committing the act". Within this poem the poet uses some pre 19th century colloquial language this is use by the women in the poem "But, ere you get

Economic Inequalities. "Some people are equal but some are more equal than others," by using this quote by George Orwell, we can understand the inequalities in our society

758 words - 3 pages course some people may appear to be "more equal than others"? This is much like the economic crises of the world, but it is what the people in these situations make of their situation to improve their futures. (Ref- 'Joy of capitalism')Inequality in modern society has brought about the increasing amount of cases of sexual discrimination. This seems to lean more toward the discrimination of women rather than men but there are many cases of

Similar Essays

Are Criminals Born Or Made? Essay

1903 words - 8 pages seen by some as a positive contribution to society, as noted by Durkheim (Kirby et al, 2000), although too much will lead to social instability, or anomie. In contrariety to Durkheim's beliefs, a Marxist perspective would consider the mere notion of capitalism as criminal; thus deeming the vast majority of global society to be in a constant state of anomie. However, there is still much dispute as to whether people are born, or made into

Are Criminals Born Or Made? Essay

2101 words - 8 pages There has been constant debates between criminologist and various other people involved within the profession that someone's biological factors could influence them to commit crime or equally their environmental conditions are the major influence on them committing crime.In this essay it is argued that criminals are made rather than born. The essay will base this argument on relevant theories and empirical research that has been undertaken on

Criminality……Are Criminals Born, Or Made? Essay

3193 words - 13 pages ; that is, delinquency is high when unemployment is low, and vice versa. They suggested that this might be due to the fact that in times of unemployment, parents are more available to their children. However, it is young adults who are most likely to have criminal tendencies if they are also unemployed.It is therefore a very complex and ongoing argument about whether criminals are born, or made. Goring continued his studies into criminality and

Position Paper On A Class Assigned Reading Born To Be Good? I Wrote In Favor Of The Prospect That People Are, In General Born To Be Good

844 words - 3 pages Position Paper:Born to be Good?In her paper, Celia Kitzinger gave explanations to why people act the way they do to other people who may be in pain or other types of suffering. She gives examples of studies done that help to explain the reasons behind many of our actions. The way a young child will try to comfort another child who is crying or upset. The way people in general will do whatever they can so another does not have to go through some