more than half of all girls are married before the age of 18. Countries such as Niger, where the incidence of child marriage is a staggering 75 percent, Chad ,72 percent, Mali 71 percent, Bangladesh ,64 percent, Guinea,63 percent, Central African Republic,61 percent, Mozambique 56 percent, and Nepal 51 percent (unicef.org)
Though this is a justified and accepted norm, there are several risks associated with this practice. Child brides are neither emotionally nor physically developed, but are forced to have sexual intercourse with older men and become pregnant. The effects of child marriage not only impact the young girls’ health and well-being, but that of their unborn children also. Child brides are usually uneducated and not prepared for the role of wife or mother. They often suffer psychological and physical abuse, and are at greater risks for contracting HIV/AIDS and other life threatening diseases (Nour, 2009). Also because they do not have the freedom of movement, many child brides receive little to no prenatal care during pregnancy which results in premature births or even death of the young bride and/or her baby. However, if the baby survives, because of immaturity and the lack of maternal instincts, child brides do not provide proper care for their infants. These babies often have serious health issues and their future is threatened. The consequences of child marriage negatively impact childhood as the cycle usually repeats itself.
Because this practice is frowned upon in the United States and considered a violation of human rights, many international conventions prohibit child marriages (Kumar, n.d.)
Child neglect is a form of violence towards children. Neglect, unlike abuse is the
omission of an act; whereas abuse is the commission of an act. Young children lives are affected
by parents actions whether negative or positive. Children are vulnerable and are easily affected
by words or actions that many adults feel are harmless. Children are also affected by what many
parents and adults take for granted (Eitel, 2011). Neglect may be physical, medical, educational
or emotional . Neglect also occurs in the form of abandonment (Child Maltreatment, 2006)
Child neglect affects our present and future well- being. Neglect occurs in many forms and can result in emotional, physical or social distress. Some common acts of neglect include not keeping children clean, not providing proper clothing, not making sure they attend school and not providing comfort and attending to the needs of children. Child neglect is prevalent in all cultures and nationalities. Children who suffer from neglect often experience long term consequences of the act. They often experience behavior problems, have poor social skills and suffer from low academic achievement (Eitel, 2011).
Locally, our system deals with child neglect through a prescribed...