Child Labor In Venezuela Essay

1018 words - 4 pages

Bolivian Republic of Venezuela is a country in South America. It was one of the countries that emerged from collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (Source B). Hugo Chavez is the president since 1999. He was democratically elected president in 1998, after the approval of the new constitution in 1999, which is the highest law of the land. Venezuela is subdivided into 23 states, a Capital District correspondent in the city of Caracas, and the Federal Dependencies. The country is also divided into ten administrative regions, which were established by presidential decrees. Children can be found working in agriculture, small to medium size businesses, scavenging in garbage dumps and gold mining. Child Labor started in Venezuela because the government had failed to solve the education, working conditions and government corruption problems in the county.
One of the problems, the government failed to solve is education for all of the children (Source C). Education free under the 1999 constitution however is not mandatory for all children in Venezuela to attend school. The government has set up 35 percent of the national budget to education. The student education budget has increased, but many children do not attend school due to poverty. Children must work in order to keep the house running and to have food every day. Indigenous and African descent children also do not get access to education. There is twenty percent of the population without formal education. In April 2002, in Venezuela eighteen percent of the children that started primary school were likely to reach grade five. In 2005, the population of children the age of ten to fourteen working was 27,536,769. In 2007, Venezuelan police fired teargas to stop thousands of protesters against a new education law that will change the curriculum taught in schools. The government says the change in the education curriculum will make the education system secular and broadens state control over the schools.
Another issue the government has failed to solve is the working conditions in Venezuela. They have not passed laws that will help protect the children at the places that they are working at. Most of the children in Venezuela can be found working in agriculture, small to medium sized businesses, scavenging in the garbage dumps or participating in gold mining. Children younger than five are working in these places. Twenty eight point three percent of the child labor worse is working in agriculture. Most of the children working on the farms have been exposed to chemicals that are dangerous to their health for a long period of time while working on the fields. They are dying younger due to the exposure to the deadly chemicals. Eight percent of the child labor force work in the mines. The children working in the mines are getting back problems because they have to go in narrow caves to mine. Sixty one percent of the children are working in factories. Children working in the factories have had...

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