This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sophists To Socrates. Essay

1552 words - 6 pages

Sophists to Socrates1."Man is the Measure of all things." In this dictum, Protagoras introduced the theory of relativism based on analysis of sense perception. Explain this and it's, (relativism's), impact on ethics.Protagoras was a pioneer of a theory of perception. His theory of relativism captures the essence of appearance and the true nature of things. From his work we raise questions that attack whether or not we can truthfully perceive the true nature of things because of the human nature of difference. Relating to the phenomena of sense perception, understanding this can only be captured in diving into deep thought of the mind. One effective way of explanation is "the same breeze blowing on two people would feel cool to one, while it would be warm to the other" (32). The characteristics of one element are so extensive that it may be impossible to explain, and be understood in the same way by two people. This theory is near impossible to explain scientifically, and may be hard to comprehend when considering modern science and law. Here in lies one blemish to Protagoras's theory of relativism, but somehow his thought and theory found its way into a new way of thinking.In applying this theory to modern epoch, one can observe each culture and it's perception of law and government. In the same way that Protagoras used his theory to explain law in his time, we can apply this same relativistic theory to how we perceive other cultures and their beliefs. One countries law may differ from another's but this does not make either firm of law right or wrong. Protagoras agrees that the law and government reflects a cultures general beliefs of morality, but may very well not be believed as right to everyone in that culture. "For this reason, it is impossible to discover what is the 'true' nature of anything; a thing has as many characteristics as there are people to perceive it" (33).According to Protagoras ethics may be a difficult task to master. Ethics has the same obstacles to face today as it did in the time of the Greeks. The world is divided, and always will be, when deciding what is right and wrong.3.What does Thrasymachus mean by his position that "justice is in the interest of the stronger?"Thrasymachus's theory of justice and self-assertion is an ambiguous, but strangely intelligent display of moral thought. His theories have come under attack by many, including Socrates. Thrasymachus' perspective of human nature is that we all seek to maximize power, profit and possessions. This belief was to him the ultimate initiative of the strong.This very unusual way of thinking has an indistinct but deepening perception of striving for what is "right." According to Thrasymachus, a person that is able to perfect injustice-ness is one that will find ones self soaked in a blanket of success. When striving to apply ones own belief, one can rule over what is "right" because what is "right" is ultimately decided by the one in power. Thrasymachus argues that...

Find Another Essay On Sophists to Socrates.

Speechmaking vs. Oration

1881 words - 8 pages Speechmaking vs. Oration In Plato's dialogue, Gorgias, Socrates raises the issue of speechmaking. He asks his interlocutors to refrain from making speeches in their usual drawn on manner, and to simply answer his questions. While, for the most part, the three sophists avoid long speeches, Socrates himself often makes comments at length. His questioning, while usually short and to the point, at times takes on aspects of the same methods

The Charges Against Socrates Essay

895 words - 4 pages the jury to keep an open mind and not concentrate on how his defense is delivered, but the substance of his defense. Socrates tells the jury that he is not a sophist. Sophists were known for charging fees for their work, and Socrates does not charge a fee for his words. His next decides to cross-examine Meletus. Basically Socrates turns the tables on his accuser and accuses Meletus of "dealing frivolously with serious matters." Socrates

The Trial of Socrates

983 words - 4 pages was made up of 501 Athenian citizens of all classes of society. While he fails to convince the Athenian jury of his innocence, he does a wonderful job in this effort. I personally believe that Socrates is innocent, and that the Athenian jury made the wrong decision. Socrates was accused of being a sophist, a professional philosopher. Sophists were seen as corrupters of society and as generally bad men. Socrates says that every one of


682 words - 3 pages holding the glass of Hemlock saying farewell with his students, and friends.According to The Encyclopedia, Socrates was born around 470 BC and died around 399 BC. He greatly impacted Western Philosophy through his influence on Plato. Socrates was born in Athens the son of a sculptor. He received an education in literature, music, and gymnastics. Later he familiarized himself with the ideas of the Sophists. However, like in the book, Socrates was not

Influences of socratic philoso

920 words - 4 pages -Socratics, emerged the sophists, whose name meant in definition, "wise and informed people". The sophists were a group of itinerant teachers and philosophers from the Greek hellas who flocked to Athens, where they made a living by teaching the citizens of Athens for money. Socrates himself had long been accused of being a sophist (a designation he bitterly resented), as his thoughts were very similar to those of a sophist.During the age of the

Socrates, A great Philosopher

1005 words - 5 pages worried about his appearance. Socrates also thought that individuals did not ned material possessions did not make one happy. Socrates centered around moral and ethical teachings. If someone was to coping his teaching styles, they were referred to ads being sophists. He was one who did not just present himself with a school at first. He became known by inserting his own personal opinions within mere conversations This was how he became recognized

The Biography of Socrates

1502 words - 6 pages Untitled Stephanie Sherrod Professor McClendon Philosophy Socrates Biography 04/08/10 The Biography of Socrates The most interesting and influential philosopher of all time was Socrates, whose dedication to careful reasoning transformed the entire enterprise. Since he sought genuine knowledge rather than mere victory over an opponent, he familiarized himself with the rhetoric and dialectics of the Sophists, the

The Sophists

922 words - 4 pages culture believes automatically that its own ways are right and outright condemns views that differ from its own. He said that morals are nothing more than the social traditions, or mores, of a society or group and that following local mores is the best way to live successfully and well, in that place. Therefore his famous remark: Man is the measure of all things.Of all the Sophists, Socrates was my favorite. He was the first major Western

Socrates: Wise and Influential

1040 words - 5 pages youth, and executed for it, one might question why then did someone find this man to be deserving of a statue? Did the Greeks begin to side with his ideas and theories after a low point in their victories? Perhaps the views of the sophists were beginning to surpass the previous views of Greek culture. This sculpture may have been the Apotheosis of Socrates’ career, a way to elevate him to a trailblazer status during a period when the gods

Four Charges Brought Agains Socrates in the Apology by Plato

1380 words - 6 pages youth. All of these charges are completely and utterly fake and I will tell you why. Plato said Socrates was charges with arguing the weaker claim over the stronger claim. The actual quote from the essay is “He makes the weaker argument defeat the stronger and he teachers these doctrines to others”. This means he would teach others to argue something just because he wanted it to be argued even if it was wrong. This was what the Sophists taught

Comparison of Socrates and Siddhartha Guatama Buddha

896 words - 4 pages biological system. With this being said, human beings acquire free will. Thus, human existence, in the ethical sense, is controlled not by external surroundings or by any prior foundation, but by the inner free will of each individual. The fact that Socrates sought an authentic knowledge rather than a simple triumph over an opponent, he used the same logical actions developed by the Sophists to a new intention, the pursuit of truth. Even after

Similar Essays

The Philosophy Of Socrates And The Sophists

600 words - 3 pages Philosophers take many different approaches to understand whether something is wise or not. The distinction between the Sophists and Socrates are the different approaches to knowledge. The sophists use a persuasive method known as rhetoric, to obtain victory whereas Socrates uses a dialectic form of question and answer to attain at least some degree of truth. They both have common interest is human life, human affairs and intellectual knowledge

'how True Would It Be To Say That Socrates Was A Sophist?'

1649 words - 7 pages wisdom and goodness.However, from studying in some depth about Socrates and his views I do not agree with the statement that Socrates was a sophist. First of all, according to Plato and Xenophon, Socrates never accepted any fees in return for a discussion or in exchange for any knowledge, in fact compared to the majority of sophists, such as Gorgias, Prodicus and Hippias (the three most famous amongst the profession) Socrates lived in poverty. He

Aristophanes’ Clouds A Satyr Play Written In 419 Bce

1337 words - 5 pages have mimicked Socrates’ style of rhetoric and argument. Pheidippides is an extreme satiric version of these sophists, as he uses the weaker speech to justify why he has beaten his father and why he should beat his mother. Phiedippides learned from his father, Strepsiades, that because he is better educated, he can insult the creditors and refuse to repay them. Strepsiades asks the creditors, “How is it just for you to get your money back if you

Oppositional World Views: Plato & The Sophists

1782 words - 7 pages The Sophist views and beliefs originated in Ancient Greece around 400 B.C.E. The Sophists were known as wandering rhetoricians who gave speeches to those who could afford to listen. The Sophists deeply believed in the power of rhetoric and how it could improve one’s life. Plato on the other hand was opposed to all Sophist beliefs. He viewed the Sophists as rhetorical manipulators who were only interested in how people could be persuaded that