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Sophocles: Oedipus The King Essay

916 words - 4 pages

Whether it be fate, destiny, the gods will, or the path a person chooses for themselves, all of these unknowns are connected and played around with in Sophocles literature. Any of these can be talked about being a main theme in all of his stories.
Jeffrey L. Buller wrote an author biography on Sophocles. Sophocles was born in Colonus within the city limits of Athens, Greece near the beginning of the fifth century b.c.e. (c. 496 b.c.e.). Colonus had its own legendary heroes, one of which was the center of “three of Sophocles' most famous tragedies”, Oedipus. According to the legend, one of the local heroes had “been an exiled Theban king who vanished mysteriously in a grove at Colonus ...view middle of the document...

(Buller “Sophocles”).
Jeffrey L. Buller also wrote a work analysis on Oedipus Tyrannus. Greek and Sophoclean tragedy both state fate is an important role in life. Greek tragedies “frequently state that human knowledge is limited and that the gods work in ways that humans do not expect” (Buller “Oedipus”). Although the role of fate is frequent and a reoccurring theme in Sophocles playwrights, “It is always true that, in Sophoclean tragedy, the destiny of the characters follows logically from their own choices. The gods may predict human suffering, but they are rarely the primary causes of disaster in these works” (Buller “Sophocles”). Fate was a key element of Sophoclean, and the ancient Greek view was “an event need not have but a single cause. Actions could be 'overdetermined,' that is, caused both by the will of the gods and by the nature of the individuals who perform them”. All of these views bring together Heraclitus's dictum that “Character determines a person's destiny” (Buller “Oedipus”).
John R Holmes wrote a work analysis on Oedipus Tyrannus. All of the Oedipus action occurred in Thebes, an ancient city in east-central Greece. Thebes was used to represent “civil power”, although Oedipus's “royal power [had to] be subservient to the divine power of Apollo, whose temple [was] nearby” (Holmes).
An unknown author from Salem press wrote a work analysis on Oedipus Tyrannus. During an encounter with a drunken Corinthian, Oedipus discovered he was raised by strangers due to a prophecy that stated he was destined to “lie with his mother [barring his children] and murder his father”. To avoid this fate to become true, Oedipus traveled; on the way he came upon an old angry man. The two had a violent encounter, and Oedipus returned the man's anger by killing him. After his...

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