This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Pain Assessment Tools Essay

1240 words - 5 pages

Pain Assessment ToolsPain is a major health problem in this country and is the most common symptom that prompts a patient to seek health care. Pain tells a person something is wrong. At its worst, pain makes the person's life miserable decreases the ability to function normally. For some, pain decreases his/her desire to live. Pain differs among individual patients, even those who appear to have identical injuries or illnesses. There are two types of pain, acute and chronic:Acute pain, for the most part, results from disease, inflammation, or injury to tissues. This type of pain generally comes on suddenly, for example, after trauma or surgery, and may be accompanied by anxiety or emotional distress. The cause of acute pain can usually be diagnosed and treated, and the pain is self-limiting, that is, it is confined to a given period of time and severity. In some rare instances, it can become chronic.Chronic pain is widely believed to represent disease itself. It can be made much worse by environmental and psychological factors. Chronic pain persists over a longer period of time than acute pain and is resistant to most medical treatments. It can--and often does--cause severe problems for patients (MedicineNet, 2003)What does this mean to nurses? Providers need to develop diagnostic and therapeutic ways to manage pain. The primary goal should be focused towards getting the patient to function comfortably and perform activities of daily living. Two tools appear in the forefront in many pain management guidelines. These two tools are the Wong Baker Face Scale and the Numeric Pain Intensity Scale.The Joint Commission of Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) has now made the assessment and management of pain a standard of care. Pain has become the "Fifth Vital Sign". JCAHO feels the management of pain should be an integral part of all care and treatment plans. Nurses should assess patients for pain every time you check for pulse, blood pressure, core temperature, and respiration. JCAHO has stated, "unrelieved pain has adverse physiological and psychological effects". (Pain Assessment and Management: An Organizational Approach.)Where is this reference mention in the citations? JCAHO also believes a pain assessment should include a psychosocial assessment, in addition to a detailed patient history and physical examination and diagnostic evaluation. As mentioned earlier, two tools have been publicized, by professionals in the field of pain management, for the assessment of pain quality."When analgesics were used in infants, they often were administered based only on the perceptions of health care professionals or family members"(American Academy of Pediatrics, 2000). An excellent tool used to assess a newborn infant's pain, is called the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS). NIPS assesses behaviors and facial expressions to evaluate infant pain. Examples of criteria assessed with NIPS include:CryingAltered breathing (Is it quick or shallow?)Arm...

Find Another Essay On Pain Assessment Tools

Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain-week 2

754 words - 3 pages sensory / discriminative, motivational / emotional and cognitive / behavioral components play part (Melzack and Casey 1968). During this process, the researchers emphasize the various interpretations and, therefore, assessment tools have been developed to investigate the various components, as discussed below. Sensory / discriminative Sensory / discriminative component of pain was primarily on the basis of quantitative psychophysical methods

Pain Assessment Week 2 Essay

619 words - 2 pages / discriminative, motivational / emotional and cognitive / behavioral components play part (Melzack and Casey 1968). During this process, the researchers emphasize the various interpretations and, therefore, assessment tools have been developed to investigate the various components, as discussed below.Sensory / discriminativeSensory / discriminative component of pain was primarily on the basis of quantitative psychophysical methods that attempt to

Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain-week 7

799 words - 3 pages values were not provided. However, to construct validity was assessed with coefficients of correlation between 0.44 and 0.71 for the six variables. The scale was changed 3 years later, Chambers and Price (1967) and 7 years after Bruegel (1971). In the components of pain assessment remains a popular choice among today's researchers. Tools include Crying required to maintain oxygen saturation of more than 95% increase in vital signs

Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain-week 7

665 words - 3 pages . However, to construct validity was assessed with coefficients of correlation between 0.44 and 0.71 for the six variables. The scale was changed 3 years later, Chambers and Price (1967) and 7 years after Bruegel (1971).DiscussionIn the components of pain assessment remains a popular choice among today's researchers. Tools include Crying required to maintain oxygen saturation of more than 95% increase in vital signs, expression, sleeplessness (CRIeS

Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain-week 12

675 words - 3 pages use different assessment tools. Compatibility with other pain tool, not only contributes to the clinical usefulness, but also contributes to consistency. R-FLACC is compatible with the original FLACC, that on the basis of its excellent psychometric properties, was recommended as a first choice for the behavioral assessment of postoperative pain in children. Defrin and al. found that the behavior is pain in children with different degree of CI

Concept Analysis : Pain

1485 words - 6 pages patients pain levels are not properly managed due to either vague indicators or lack of nursing knowledge. Pain is unique to each individual and thus a complex concept to define, assess, and understand. Assessing the pain level of a patient that is unable to speak and likely sedated can be a difficult task for nurses and thus many tools have been developed in order to help make this assessment easier. Controlling patient’s pain is vital to a speedy

Pain Assessment Week 5

637 words - 3 pages Running Head: Week 5Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain[Writer Name][Institute Name] Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative PainIntroductionA study by Scott and Huskisson (1976) (N = 100) found no significant differences between the distribution of scores measured in the vertical and horizontal VAS. The ratio between these two scales also proved to be very high (r = 0,99, P <0,001), adding to the reality.DiscussionSome authors

Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain-week 5

637 words - 3 pages Running Head: Week 5Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain[Writer Name][Institute Name] Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative PainIntroductionA study by Scott and Huskisson (1976) (N = 100) found no significant differences between the distribution of scores measured in the vertical and horizontal VAS. The ratio between these two scales also proved to be very high (r = 0,99, P <0,001), adding to the reality.DiscussionSome authors

Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Dementia Patients

2111 words - 9 pages experience and there are no absolute universal tests for pain. For those with dementia it is especially important to understand the patient and consult with family members or usual caregivers of that individual. Several tools are available today to measure pain in elderly patients with dementia, one example being the Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) scale. This tool is often used to assess pain in those who have an altered mental status

Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain-week 3

784 words - 3 pages Untitled Running Head: PAIN ASSESSMENT TOOL FOR POSTOPERATIVE PAIN Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain [Writer Name] [Institute Name] Most of them are usually adopted methods can be regarded as an assessment scale, including: • Verbal Descriptor / a thing Scale (VD / RS) (Kiel 1948), • Numerical rating scale (NRS) (Downie et al. 1978), • The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) (Clarke and

Pain Assessment Week 3

655 words - 3 pages ., Kristjanson L., Sloan J.A., Lertzman M. & Clement K. (2001) Dyspnea in cancer patients, prevalence and associated factors. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 21, 95-102.Fitzpatrick R., Davey C., Buxton M.J., Jones D.R. (1998) evaluating patient-based outcome measures for use in clinical trials. Health Technology Assessment 2, 1-4.Flaherty S.A. (1996) Pain measurement tools for clinical practice and research. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists 64, 133-140.Fortier J., Chung F. & Su J. (1996) Predictive factors of unanticipated admission in ambulatory surgery: a prospective study. Anesthesiology 85, A27.

Similar Essays

Pain Assessment Tool For Postoperative Pain Week 6

607 words - 2 pages higher for the R-FLACC and NÄPI compared with NCCPC-P.V. Respondent with motor problems. That these funds may be more readily adopted in clinical practice. In addition, these tools are good measures of reliability and validity. Further studies are needed to determine the acceptance, in practice it is very easy with these tools, and whether adoption has a positive impact on pain assessment and management in children with CI. Finally, the VAS

World Health Organization Essay

456 words - 2 pages of patient reporting of pain and the benefit of standardized assessment tools, physicians have been shown to underassess pain as well as underestimate the level of pain-related interference with activities, including sleep. Language disconcordance and socioeconomic variation also may increase the difficulty of effective patient-physician communication and further exacerbate the problem of accurate pain assessment. Lack of effective translation can

Pain Essay

1618 words - 7 pages the topic of conversation, which may change the quality of information received. Pain management based on complete pain assessment is more likely to assist older populations to reduce their pain (McDonald& Fedo, 2009). Facilitator to effective pain management 1: Utilizing different pain scales There are at least 3 pain assessment tools for older populations who cannot express their pain due to cognitive or physical impairments. These have been

Pain Essay

1693 words - 7 pages activity was monitored and evaluated based on NOPAIN and other pain assessment tools. The study showed that NOPAIN has high reliability, and significant associations were found between NOPAIN and pain reported by the patients. The result proposed that NOPAIN was a suitable pain assessment tool and could be utilized to measure pain in older populations. A second pain assessment tool is the Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD). This pain scale