Sould Nuclear Power Be Used As The Main Source Of Energy

2023 words - 8 pages

Should nuclear power be used as the main source of energy? This is a very controversial topic that will be discussed here. People from both sides of this issue all care about the environment, but have different opinions on nuclear energy. Before getting into the debate, it is important to know how nuclear power plants work. The nuclear reactor, which is usually twelve meters tall, is enclosed in a dome like building made up of meter thick reinforced concrete walls. Nuclear fission produces heat which is used to heat up water which then turns into steam. The steam then turns turbines that are connected to generators which in turn produce electricity. The steam then goes through a condenser where it is turned back into liquid and goes back into the reaction chamber to repeat the process. So the question that faces everyone is: should nuclear power be used as the main source of energy? Some say yes, because nuclear energy is clean energy that does not pollute the air, it is safer and cheaper than any other method; yet others say no, because the capital costs are too high, they produce nuclear waste if there is an accident, the consequences are disastrous.
There are six authors that will be mentioned in this paper. Three of the authors are for nuclear energy and three of them are against nuclear energy. The first three authors that will be introduced are for nuclear energy. Naim H. Afgan is a professor at the Superior Technical Institute in Lisbon, Portugal and the Chair Holder for the Energy Sustainable Management. He is also a member of the VINCA Institute of Nuclear Science that is in Belgrade that he joined in 1957. He published over 200 papers, including his article on nuclear energy that will be used in this paper. The next author is a nuclear physicist by the name of Ernest J. Moniz. Ernest earned his PhD is theoretical physics from Stanford University in 1972. He is currently the States Secretary of Energy and previously served as the Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President of the United States during the Clinton Administration. He is also the Director of the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment at MIT. The last author is Mark Lynas, who is an environmental activist and a journalist. He published many articles about the environment, including the article about nuclear energy that is used in this paper.
The next three authors are against nuclear energy. The first author is a physicist and a climate expert Joe Romm. He holds an undergraduate and a PhD in physics. He concentrates on methods of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. He previously served as Acting Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy, in charge of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. He published many articles and books, some of which were on nuclear energy. The next author is Peter A. Bradford, who was a former member of the U.S. Nuclear...

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