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The Science Of The Guitar Essay

757 words - 4 pages

Sound is longitudinal wave produced by compression and rarefaction of matter. Sound is produced when a vibrating source creates rhythmic variations in the air pressure (zitzewits & Murphy, page 268) to determine the wavelength of sound you need an equation which is, v=fλ. To explain this equation in broken down context v=velocity (m/s), f= Hertz(Hz) and the symbol λ(Lander) is the unknown that needs to be solved in order to determine the wavelength.
Physics of the guitar
The guitar has been around for thousands of years in one form or another. It is believed that the first forms of guitars were used in Egypt 3000 years ago. The guitar usually has six strings tied tight around a hollow body to resonate the sound. A guitar is a chordophones; chordophones is an instrument in which its standing wave is initially created in the strings of the instruments (David R. Lapp, page 25). The sound that produces from the guitar strings being plucked or strummed vibrate from the circle opening below the strings and resonate through the guitar till the wavelength eventually fades out, strings and guitar stop vibrating. Tension from the stretched guitar string causes a downward force on the bridge, which moves the entire face of the guitar at that of the same frequency of the string (David R. Lapper, page 65).

Anatomy of the guitar
The guitar is a hollow piece of wood with long extending piece called a neck, on the neck you have a frets and a fret board these are implemented to change the frequency and sound of all notes by holding your finger on the string at certain points. Right at the end of the neck is a head stoke to hold the tuning machines these machines are used to tighten the tension of the string to deepen or increase the frequency of the string. At the opposite end of the neck is the large hollow body with a circular hole under the strings to resonate the sound within the hollow body. Next to the sound hole there is a pick guard this to protect the finish on the surface from the pick when playing the guitar. The bridge is a small piece of wood glued to surface below the sound hole...

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