South Africa Essay

914 words - 4 pages

South Africa is a place of hurt, heart, and change.

Over the years, South Africa has either been through rough

times in the traditional tribal part, or being descriminated

because of their color of skin.

South Africa has two major tribal groups; The

Nguni/South Ndebele, and the khoi/San. The South Ndebele,

together with the Zulu, Xhosa and Swazi, belong to the South

Nguni ethnic group. In the case of the South African Ndebele

group, the area is the Southern part of South Africa. Here,

they have lived, worked on farms, and hunted for

generations. They are a very communal tribe. They work

together, share together, help each other out, and hunt with

each other. This group is very dependent on all of their


On the other hand the Khoi/San group is the complete

opposite of the Nguni/South Ndebele. They live in the

Kalahari Desert, they are Nomadic, and rely on livestalk to

live. They might be more Independent then the Nguni, but

they still get alittle help from their "families" too. Like

they go hunting together. Unlike the Nguni the Khoi/San use

poisoned arrows to kill their livestalk.Little did these

groups know what they were going to be going through the

next 300 years; colonialism.

In 1652 South Africa was forever changed when Dutch

established a "rest stop" in South Africa.Apartheid also

unofficially started. At that time, the area was occupied by

the Khoi/San clans. The pressure on the Khoi/San increased

as more Dutch and French settlers arrived. By the 18th

century, most Khoi/San had lost their land to these European


Cape Town became a major port as a way station for the

Europeans. The colonists were mostly farmers and cattle

herders. They became known as the Boers. They developed

their own culture and language (Afrikaans). In the 1770's,

the Boers encountered the Bantu, who were migrating. The

Nguni Bantu clans settled between the Drakensberg Mountains

and the sea. The Sotho clans settled in the interior, north

of the Cape Colony. The 19th century competition for land

led to the conflict between the Bantu clans, which led to

the boer war, 1899-1902. Hundreds and thousands died during

the wars, entire clans disappeared and it resulted in the

creation of many Bantu nations. Now they are unable to

communicate with each other, and now they don't have any

power to stop the Europeans. British forces twice occupied

the Cape region, in 1795 and 1806. In 1814, toward the end

of the Napoleonic Wars, Great Britain purchased the Cape

Colony from the Dutch for 6 million Britidh pounds. After

1820 thousands of British colonists arrived in South Africa,

and they demanded that English law be imposed. English

became the official language in 1822. The...

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