South Africa is a nation with a wonderful and varied culture. This country has been called “The Rainbow Nation”, a name that reflects the diversity of such amazing place. The different ethnic and cultural groups of the South Africa do, however, appreciate their own beliefs and customs. Many of these traditions, besides African culture, are influenced by European and Western heritage. The complex and diverse population of the country has made a strong impact to the various cultures. There are forty-five million people; about thirty million are black, five million white, three million coloured and one million Indians. The black population has a large number of rural people living in poverty. It is among these inhabitants that cultural customs are preserve the most.
South Africa is such a beautiful country abundant of life and hope. Africa 's landscape is composed of wide open spaces, brownish hills and red sunsets. These prodigious backgrounds depict the nature of the culture in South Africa. Culture is what makes Africa special and aside from beautiful landscapes, the fervent and contrasting culture in South Africa is what makes it unique. This is a country were there are people with different beliefs and traditions, but at the end they are identified by their pride of being from South Africa.
There are eleven official languages in South Africa; they are English, Afrikaans, Ndebele, Sepedi, Xhosa, Venda, Tswana, Southern Sotho, Zulu, Swazi and Tsonga. South Africa also recognizes eight unofficial languages: Fanagalo, Khoe, Lobedu, Nama, Northern Ndebele, Phuthi, San and South African Sign Language. Even the variation of languages and dialects reflect the diversity of the culture. Heritage, culture, customs or languages might vary, but they blind together to build a colorful South Africa.
Also, there is great variety in the music of South Africa. Many black musicians who sang in Afrikaans and English during the apartheid period began to sing in traditional African dialects developing a singular style called Kwaito. This is a music genre that became the favorite way of representing social and economic issues. I believe that in certain way, Kwaito is a political power that shows activism in its apolitical actions. In the other hand white and coloured South African singers were strongly influenced by European music.
African Indigenous Churches were the largest of the Christian groups during the apartheid period. It is argued that many of the people who claimed no relation with any religion were part of indigenous religions. This is a religion that combines Christian and indigenous influences. Many South African Muslims are described as Coloureds, especially those whose ancestors were slaves. Others are described as Indians including those whose ancestors came as traders from South Asia. Religion plays such an important fact in South Africa giving an special taste to the culture.