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South Africa And Nelson Mandela´S Impact As President

935 words - 4 pages

“South Africa was still heavily influenced by the British and the whites minority in 1991. South Africa had to deal with a variety of issues and the nation had to face both social and economy problems. In the pursue of resolving these issues, many lives were lost and many more were arrested. Among those who were arrested, Nelson Mandela a young leader was arrested and spent 27 years in jail at Robben Island Prison. Nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1943 and he was an active member ever since. On august 5 1963, he was arrested and charged for treason. Mandela was convicted for sabotage and plotting against the government, specifically against the apartheid. He used ...view middle of the document...

The Mixed Marriages Act prohibited marriages between whites and other races. The Groups Areas Act set different residential areas for each race group, as a result thousands of people were forced to leave their homes. The Separate Amenities specified separate services, facilities, and amenities for whites and non-whites. The Bantu Education Act specified a separate curriculum for African school, focusing on manual skills, far less money was allocated for these schools. It wasn’t until 1994, that they were banned when Mandela became president.

CODESA (Convention for a Democratic South Africa) started in December 1991 at the Johannesburg World trade Center. They were talk between the political parties, mainly the ANC and the national Party, concerning the Apartheid. In 1992, the negotiations and several incidents of extreme violence made many people fear that a bloody civil war was inevitable. In May, the ANC broke off negotiations with the government. In June, in Boipatong, south of Johannesburg, the police attacked ANC members attending a funeral. Dozens of people were killed mainly woman and children. The ANC demanded a full investigation into the massacre and police involvement in it. In response the government appointed a commission to investigate the causes of the violence. Historians have different opinions about the point that the National Party lost the initiative in its negotiations with the ANC. Leonard Thompson believes that the signing of the Record of Understanding when the government conceded to several of the ANC’s demands was the moment when the government lost control of the transition process and Mandela gained ascendancy over De Klerk. Herman Giliomee and Bernard Mbenga on the other hand, believe that Boipatong was the turning point. Before they argue that the two sided had been evenly balanced but afterwards the ANC had the upper...

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