The global network of super powers has claimed many regions through human security, political actions, and economic development. One of the largest landscapes is that of sub-Saharan Africa, in which 50 plus countries make up the geographical landscape (Library of Congress, 2010). In consideration of the long history of changing powers and the colonization of the different countries by Dutch, French, and British influences giving up power after WWII; the prospect of democracy for the sub-Saharan African countries is an ongoing battle (Braithwaite, 2014). South Africa is one example of political changes and the understanding of human security along with economic development.
Political change is the strength and legacy of a country. By looking at the history, an understanding of the people’s culture and laws can be made to determine its place in the global order. Such events have occurred and are ongoing in South Africa. The 27th of April, 2014, was the 20th anniversary of multiracial elections, which had to overcome 300 years of colonial and white majority rule (Johannesburg, 2014). The road to such changes is long and historic as the impact on the sub-Saharan regions occurred through the use of the Atlantic slave trade that lasted from the 15th century through the 19th century. This brought about self-financing colonies in textile, palm oil, gold, diamonds, and coffee all due to the overall takeover of sub-Saharan tea markets using African labor. European colonization was effectively using African people not only as slaves but to fight small battles in military takeovers of indigenous people. The end result was dividing and conquering societies that later were broken down into smaller units (Braithwaite, 2013).
As an example of change, South Africa is currently governed by the African National Congress; however, the history of corruption and violence still lingers. South African President Jacob Zuma has been accused of benefitting from taxpayers when his estate was renovated at an estimate cost of $25 million back in 2012. This caused protest and worker strikes to follow continuously resulting in dozens of deaths as a result of police clashes (Johannesburg, 2014).
Reports like this are common throughout the sub-Saharan African countries because of the examples left by years of pre-colonial control and influence of un-developed administration models (Herbst, 2000). The prospect of democracy in sub-Saharan African is ongoing with different organizations, such as that of “UN-sponsored Millennium Developed Goals,” which helps in mapping out troubled regions to assist in reversing poverty and discrimination using the power of local and global government parties (Harbeson & Rothchild, 2013). Influence and actions globally are recognized and pivotal to the change of thought as to the role of colonial rule. The 1960’s created a window to see change as the U.S. was establishing civil rights; it transcended to the African regions helping...