South African Health Care System Essay

1689 words - 7 pages

Introduction:
South Africa is undergoing a transformation process after many years of one of the most brutal socio-political systems, the Apartheid; affecting every sector of the society including medical education and the delivery of healthcare services, (de Villiers, 1999). Apartheid was characterized by dividing the country according to the color of the skin, giving favoritism to the white man. Health care in South Africa was a dream until 1994 to the majority of the population which is black. With a more humanitarian social system in place, the country is trying to overcome the difficulties of present time, which is even harder after half a century of destruction, diseases and fraudulent administration. On the other hand, Aids and violence are the leading indicators regarding mortality rates of the South African population. There were over twenty one thousand murders in 2002 and almost eight million people are living with HIV/AIDS as of 2006, (Dixon, 2006).
Location and Geography.
South Africa is located at the southern most point of the African continent. It is surrounded by the waters of the South Atlantic Ocean at the west, and the Indian Ocean at the east coast. It is the 25th largest country in the planet and it also has the 24th largest population as well. It has different climatic zones that ranges from extremely deserts to tropic-similar weathers.
Population.
With about the size of the United Kingdom, France and Germany combined, South Africa holds an estimated population of thirty nine million people, where thirty two million are Africans, four millions are Whites, and another three million of mixed race. The literacy level is eighty two percent; however, only fifty four percent of the population is urbanized, (de Villiers, 1999). Furthermore, the life expectancy is approximately sixty six years and the eleven percent of the population is younger than five years old.
Government.
After being a colony of the British empire for two consecutive centuries, it was not until 1961 that South Africa became a republic. In 1991 Nelson Mandela one of the leaders in the fight for civil rights and against Apartheid, was liberated after twenty years of incarceration. Apartheid was not eradicated until 1994, thus turning the political system of the country into a more social-democrat oriented party that is still in place today, (Dixon, 2006).
Economy.
With statistics that show the average gross domestic product (GDP) per capita income is US $5700, (Gavaza, 2009), the majority of the population which count for the eighty five percent, live in poverty and with no urbanization whatsoever, and people spend more that ten percent of its GDP on healthcare. On the contrary, the white population counts for a small six percent but hold the highest stake of the wealth in the country. In the post-Apartheid episode the Government has struggled to redistribute wealth and unemployment rate has increased gradually. Economic factors are...

Find Another Essay On South African Health Care System

U.S. Health Care System Essay

1817 words - 7 pages Running head: U.S. HEALTH CARE SYSTEM PAGE 1 PAGE PAGE 5 U.S. HEALTH CARE SYSTEM U.S. Health Care SystemBeata Anna KolankiewiczHealth Services Organization- HSA 500Dr. Chukwuemeka IregbuStrayer UniversityJanuary 28, 2014U.S. Health Care System.Health care system in the United States is on an unsustainable way and in need of transformation. Even if, it has both private and public insurers like in other countries but the uniqueness of this

The Health Care System Essay

1753 words - 7 pages America has a highly developed health care system, which is available to all people. Although it can be very complex and frustrating at times it has come a long way from the health care organizations of yesterday. Previously most health care facilities were a place where the sick were housed and cared for until death. Physicians rarely practiced in hospitals and only those who were fortunate could afford proper care at home or in

Health Care System

2772 words - 11 pages function to provide health services? 3.1 Turkmenistan The basic organizational structure of health care system follows the standard model set down in soviet times. However, the organization and management of health services in urban area differs from those in rural area. There are two levels in health care, primary and secondary care. Primary care facilities are often very dilapidated; they need investment for example in modern equipment.[3] The

Integrated Health Care System

638 words - 3 pages The Integrated health care is an approach of interdisciplinary of collaboration and communication among health professionals. The characteristic is unique because of the sharing information which in the team members and related to patient care to establishment of treatment whether biological, psychological, and social needs. The interdisciplinary health care team includes a diverse and variety group of members (e.g., specialist, nurses

Health Care for All in South Africa

627 words - 3 pages Topic: Health Care for All 1.1 Constraints to the expansion of Economy and Business. The ANC-led government introduced various systems to improve access to health care for all South African citizens. As a result of this system, pregnant women and children under the age of six are able to access free health care and every South African citizen is able to access free primary care. Senior citizens who qualify for social grant are also receiving

Health Care System in Jamaica

2318 words - 10 pages HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN JAMAICA INTRODUCTION Health policy refers to decisions, plans and actions used by governments in achieving specific health care goals within society. A health policy often can be defined as a vision for the future, which can help to establish targets and points of reference for the short and medium term (http://www.who.int). Jamaica is an island situated in the West Indies 90miles south of Cuba that has been classified

The Brazilian Health Care System

2234 words - 9 pages The Brazilian Health Care System Health care in Brazil became a major issue between the years 1985-1988 (Nascimento, 2013). The citizens took notice that a large gap between health care services provided to the wealthy and services provided to the rest of the population existed. Health care in Brazil became a right to all citizens in 1988 and the Sistema Unico de Saude- SUS (Unified Health Care System) was established (Nascimento, 2013

The US health care system

952 words - 4 pages Unlike Australia, Canada, and Germany, the United States (U.S) does not have universal health care system. The U.S. health care is an unregulated, hybrid system that financed by private and public sectors. The first characteristic of health care system is that it is not centrally regulated by the government. Similarly, the second characteristic of the health care system is “access to health care services is selectively based on insurance

Health Care in the Global South

4595 words - 18 pages illegal although this law is not strictly enforced. Traditional medicine in the global south continues to exist, contrary to efforts over the years to alienate it from the health system in the south. According to WHO (2002), in Africa an estimated 80% of the population use traditional medicine for primary health care needs. Consequently the report identified that, in Ghana, Mali, Nigeria and Zambia, traditional medicine accounts for over 60% of

The Norwegian Health Care System

995 words - 4 pages The health care system of Norway is committed to providing health care services for all citizens regardless of income and to the principle of equal access to services. Accordingly, the health status of Norwegians is one of the best in the world, ranking much higher than that of the United States. The health care system in Norway is organized in three levels: local, regional, and national. The local level is represented by 434

The Canadian health care system

727 words - 3 pages Canada and the United States are alike in an exorbitant number of ways, yet a glaring difference is the distinctiveness of the health care systems between the respective nations. This essay will explore how the Canadian health care system works, as all Canadian citizens have the right to universal health care, and how Canadian health care is funded by the provinces, territories, and the federal government collectively. Perhaps the examination of

Similar Essays

The Burden Imposed On The South African Health System

1990 words - 8 pages The burden imposed on the South African Health System can be exponentially linked to the theme of social inequalities of health based upon race and class. These were implemented by the pre-1994 Apartheid government and its policies. The establishment of “4 independent homelands—Bophuthatswana, Ciskei, Transkei, and Venda—and 6 self-governing territories—Gazankulu, Kangwane, KwaNdebele, Kwazulu, Lebowa, and Qwaqu” with each of these having their

New Health Care System Essay

1308 words - 5 pages One of the major problems nagging America is the need for a new health care system. The number of uninsured Americans needing medical treatment is rising. Medicare, a major part of the American health care system, is projected to go broke in 2019 according to USA Today's article, "Congress refuses to swallow cures for ailing Medicare." I have seen this ruin people's pursuit of happiness. I worked in a nursing home for the past five years

Health Care System Comparison Essay

1123 words - 4 pages Both Canadian and American health care systems have become a significant part of my culture. I have recently been diagnosed with two major ailments for which both countries hospitals have become dear to my heart. Without the use of both systems I firmly believe I would not be here today. There are many differences between the American and Canadian health care system, both of which I have used and have experience in. I will discuss their

The Health Care System Essay

660 words - 3 pages Have you ever had a time in your life where you have had to go to the doctor? If so then even you have had experience with the health care system. In this paper we are going to explain all about the health care system. First we will explain exactly what the problem is with our health care program. From there we are going to go into exactly how we would solve this problem and improve the entire system. After that since nothing is