South America Nelson Mandela Essay

2309 words - 9 pages

"There shall be no equality in State or Church between white and black." This quote is taken from the Constitution of the South African Republic, before the national policy of apartheid was abolished in 1994. Apartheid is a cruel and unjust policy of total separation between whites and any other race. It originated in the 1600's, when the European explorers begun settling in Africa.One of the greatest contributors to the abolition of apartheid in South Africa was Nelson Mandela, South Africa's former Prime Minister. With his strong motivation and unlimited desire to be treated equally, he earned the support of not only black people but many white people of South Africa as well. He received a Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for his success in restoring justice in the South African Government. But his success does not entirely come from him alone. Nelson Mandela was able to succeed in his struggle to abolish apartheid because of the support of the people around him.Nelson Rolihlahala Mandela was born in the Qunu village, near Umata in Transkei, South Africa on July 18th, 1918 (Biography of Nelson Mandela, 2). His father was the principal councilor to the Acting Paramount Chief of Thembuland, and after his death, Nelson became the Chief's ward (Biography of Nelson Mandela, 2). However, he was determined to become a lawyer, under the influence of the cases that came to the Chief's court (Biography of Nelson Mandela, 2). He also dreamed of contributing to the freedom struggle of the black people, from hearing the elders' stories of his brave ancestors and their wars defending their fatherland (Biography of Nelson Mandela, 2).After receiving primary education at a mission school, Nelson went to Healdtown Methodist Boarding School, a Wesleyan secondary school (Biography of Nelson Mandela, 2). He then enrolled at the University College of Fort Hare for the Bachelor of Arts Degree, and was elected onto the Student's Representative Council (Biography of Nelson Mandela, 2). Nelson participated in a student strike as a member of the Student's Representative Council and was expelled from the college, along with Oliver R. Tambo in 1940 (Biography of Nelson Mandela, 5). He completed his Bachelor of Arts degree by correspondence at Johannesburg, and also took articles of clerkship and begun studying for his LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand (Biography of Nelson Mandela, 2). This is where Nelson Mandela started his long political career, and his battle against apartheid.The word apartheid means "apartness" in Afrikaans. It is the total separation of people according to the color of their skin. It has been the official ruling policy of the white minority government since the 1960's. This policy gave the power to five million whites over 36 million blacks, coloreds, Indians, and many others (Bradley, 6). It has been written in the statute book of South Africa since 1948, but the policy originates well before that time. It dates back some 300 years, when the...

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