South Africa. Study Notes On The Whole Topic.

10033 words - 40 pages

Britain, in its unique position as the former colonial power and the major investing country in South Africa, had been one of the main targets of Black South Africans' diplomatic efforts since the establishment of the Union in 1910. By the end of World War Two and the following election of the Nationalist Party in 1948, most of the hopes for British support of the predicament of Black South Africans had shifted to the United Nations (UN) and the newly independent African states. Nevertheless, because of its economic and historic links Britain, and London in particular, continued to hold a special relationship with South Africa. From the 1950's, British support did eventually start to come, not from the Government though, but from anti-apartheid and church groups, and sections of the Labour and Liberal Parties. Moreover, ever since the 1940's, a growing number of South Africans had been arriving in London, which, after Sharpeville and the banning of the African National Congress (ANC) and Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC), became a centre for the exiled liberation movements to continue their struggle from abroad.(1)In 1959, following a call for the boycott of South African goods by the ANC, a Boycott Movement was started in London. In April of the following year, as the emergency situation in South Africa intensified, the Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM) was formed to co-ordinate all the anti-apartheid work and to keep South Africa's apartheid policy in the forefront of British politics. The Movement was able to attract a wide and diverse range of support, from the British Communist, Liberal and Labour Parties, to the Trade Union Congress (TUC), individual MPs, the NUS, several Churches, and other organisations working against apartheid. From the onset, the Movement, which "operated [...] as an instrument of solidarity with the people of South Africa", was characterised by an "umbilical cord relationship with the [liberation] struggle".(2) For the next forty years the AAM campaigned for a sports, cultural, academic, consumer, arms and economic boycott of South Africa to help bring apartheid to an end.This dissertation will analyse the influence of the AAM on the British Government's policy towards South Africa during the Rivonia trial of 1963-4 up until the end of 1964 after the coming to power of the Labour Party in October of that year. It will concentrate on the impact of two different yet overlapping campaigns undertaken by the AAM in that period. The first is the Rivonia Campaign, which was launched in direct response to the Rivonia trial and which became attached to the wider concern with sanctions. From the point of view of public opinion, the campaign was highly successful as it alerted virtually the entire world. But, as in the case of sanctions, the AAM pressures on the British Government to exert its influence on the South Africans for the prevention of death penalty being imposed on the accused fell on deaf ears. Because of its strategic and...

Find Another Essay On South Africa. study notes on the whole topic.

Effects Mining has on The Soil in South Africa

1629 words - 7 pages , I., & Tschochner, B. (2003). “Heavy metal contamination of soils in a mining area in South Africa and its impacts on some biotic systems.” J Soils and Sediments, 3(1), 29 - 34. Retrieved from Munnik, V., Hochmann, G., Hlabane, M., & Law, S. (2010). The social and environmental consequences of coal mining in South Africa. a case study. A joint initiative of Environmental Monitoring Group

The Inclusion on South Africa as a BRICS Country

1984 words - 8 pages Many critics question the validity of the inclusion of South Africa as a BRICS country. It is deemed by some that South Africa, although an emerging country, does not show significant overall growth like other African countries such as Nigeria and other Sub-Saharan countries (Besada, Tok & Winters, 2013). On the 7th of May 2014 South Africa hosted “its fifth general election” (, 2014). In his article dated 7th May 2014 for BBC news

The Effects of European Imperialism on South Africa

2106 words - 8 pages The county of South Africa is an economically flourishing country and probably the most advanced country on the continent of Africa. However the entire continent of Africa is probably the most undeveloped part of the world. Why is South Africa so different from the rest of its continent? Karen Politis Virk explains that it is because of South Africa’s developed economy and diverse population (Virk 40). South Africa has three main ethnic groups

The impact of world war two on South Africa

2794 words - 11 pages prevailed, however, winning the support of a majority of the cabinet and becoming prime minister. Hertzog resigned and joined with Malan in forming the Herenigde (Reunited) National Party (HNP). South Africa sent troops to fight on the British side in North Africa and in Europe. In South Africa, several thousand members of the Ossewabrandwag, including a future prime minister, John Vorster, were interned for antiwar activities.Economically and socially

Study Notes on Hitler and the Holocaust

878 words - 4 pages camp.Babi Yar is a ravine in Kiev, Ukraine. Nazis took control of Kiev on the 27th of September 1941 and gathered the 700 patients from the psychiatric hospital and killed them. On the 29th, all Jews in the town of Kiev were ordered to meet near the cemetery. They believed they would be loaded onto trains, but on that day and the next, 33,771 Jews were massacred, making it the second biggest single mass killing of Jews during the holocaust.The Cold War

South Africa: A Case Study Analysis

1450 words - 6 pages the government’s smooth transition into democracy. Additionally, an indigenous model employed in South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, also contributed to the transition from the old apartheid system of rule to the evenly applied democracy it currently has. A case study on poverty and well-being in South Africa, in the post-apartheid era, sheds some light on the truth to these theories. My hypothesis, based on data from the World

The Gospel In South Africa

1443 words - 6 pages settelers brought bitter disillusionment, that stood in stark contrast to their high hopes of coming to South Africa. The land given them by the British government of the Cape was unsuitable for agriculture, and their living conditions were appalling. The unnamed man who escorted the groups to their territory would always end his tour of their land by saying, “Gentlemen, when you go out to plough never leave your guns behind.” with that he would get on

The Apartheid in South Africa

1347 words - 5 pages Party stayed in power by making sure only white people could vote. South Africa is placed at the bottom of Africa and is on the trade route for ships. That is why the white people started to set up a settlement so that they could start a new life and start a business for a stop off point for ships travelling around the bottom of Africa. Dutch were the first white people to move there because they wanted to escape persecution for their religion in

The Liberation of South Africa

1552 words - 7 pages Health Insurance (NHI) Green Paper. This essay will discuss the economic incidence of implementing the NHI. Analyses of the financing and benefit incidences will be made for both the current health system and the newly proposed NHI. Finally, a plausible conclusion will be made based on the analysis of the analysis of both the current health system and the proposed NHI. 2. Analysis of Current Health System in South Africa It is conventional wisdom

A better South Africa for the new South Africa

806 words - 4 pages has been spent on the past; we need to understand that nothing we do today can change what happened. We need to work together to find new ways to ensure that the dreams and hopes that Nelson Mandela set out for South Africa in 1994, does not stay nothing but hopeless dreams. In his famous inauguration speech, Nelson Mandela stated that the “time for healing the wounds have come”. Twenty years ago, the world watched as South Africa had its first

The Security Industry in South Africa: A history on the business enterprise

1345 words - 5 pages . South Africa has one of the highest crime rates in the world as a result of the unemployment of in the country. The S.A.P.S do the best they can to prevent and lower the crimes like hijacking in the country but they can only do so much, they just like any other human being won't put their life on the line to recover a motor vehicle. The statistics show that hijacking is occurs mainly in residential areas where the police rarely patrol, unless

Similar Essays

South Africa: A Country On The Rise

1606 words - 7 pages information, government, strategic importance, and future direction of this emerging nation. Background Information South Africa occupies the southern tip of Africa, its coastline stretches 1,553 miles from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic coast southwards around the tip of Africa and then north to the border with Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. South Africa has three capitals. Cape Town, in the Western Cape, is the legislative

South Africa, A Country Study Essay

4788 words - 19 pages a great place to live. Then, about two years ago, I saw a Disney Channel movie called The Color of Friendship. This movie explained apartheid and how ignorant many people were of it. This movie inspired me to do this research paper on South Africa. I wanted to know the origin and purpose of this horrible thing called apartheid.South Africa has a rich and somewhat dark history. This country started prosperously but soon enacted unfair laws that

The Negative Effects Of Globalization On South Africa

3555 words - 14 pages and technology has made it possible for exorbitant amounts of capital to move freely around the world by just a push of a button in search of the highest interest rate possible. Over the past decade South Africa has experienced extensive disinvestment and capital outflow to overseas which meant lost output, trade, and employment here at home. Moreover, the volatility on investment flows has also had a relatively weak impact on the GDP. At present

Nadine Gordimer On South Africa Essay

2249 words - 9 pages banner of freedom for the victims of apartheid. Her books speaking on the dangers and horrors of apartheid, as well as a call for its dismantling earned her a Nobel Peace Prize for literature in 1991. One of her short stories, “Once upon a Time,” published in 1989, creatively depicted many issues that people both black and white face in apartheid South Africa. In a time where there was constant political struggle, internal turmoil, deadly riots