South Africa: The Impact Of World War Ii

2518 words - 10 pages

Migration has been a trend that was started centuries ago and it still continues all around the world till this day. During the post World War II period, migration of Africans to South Africa from other regions had particularly increased. This increase of population had occurred because of many reasons, which included manufacturing increasing, forced migration, encouragement from others to migrate, the end of the apartheid, urbanization, gold and mining, and an economic boom (Reader and Lewis, Iliffe, Maharaj, and Erlmann). Most of the people that migrated either had no choice or voluntarily migrated just because they thought they would have a better opportunity in South Africa (Erlman). The African migrants would keep coming throughout the post World War II period (South Africa- The Impact of World War II).
A big contribution to the reason why Africans migrated to South Africa from other regions in the post World War II period was that the manufacturing industry rose and became very big and important to South Africa (South Africa- The Impact of World War II). When World War II ended, this was the start of the manufacturing industry to sky rocket in South Africa for the first time (South Africa- The Impact of World War II). Also, during the war, manufacturing was necessary because of the high demand in items that were needed during the war (South Africa- The Impact of World War II). As a result of the increase of the manufacturing industry, the amount of people that were able to work and be employed had also increased by 60% (South Africa- The Impact of World War II). Not only that, but the amount of items that were put out increased by six times between the years of 1950 and 1980 (Iliffe 280). The biggest manufacturing industries in South Africa during this time were the engineering industry and the metal industry (Iliffe 280). While those industries were growing the new industries arose such as the chemical industry and the plastic industry (Iliffe 280). Industrialization was on the rise in South Africa for many reasons including that energy didn’t cost a lot of money, hiring labor that didn’t need a lot of pay, the gold industry, and last but not least the help of the government (Iliffe 274). With the success of the manufacturing industry in South Africa, it became known as a manufacturing country (Iliffe 274). Giving South Africa that label would mean that other countries would rely on their manufacturing products and their major exports, which the main export would be gold (Iliffe 274). With the manufacturing industry rising and improving, this is a vital reason and proves that the manufacturing played a huge role in the migration of Africans to South Africa from other regions in the post World War II period.
Another major reason for the migration of people to South Africa in the post World War II period, was that people didn’t really have a choice whether or not they wanted to, so they were forced to migrate (Erlmann). ...

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