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Southern African Development Community Essay

1796 words - 7 pages

Regional integration is the process by which two or more states agree to cooperate closely together to achieve peace, stability and wealth. Usually, integration involves one or more written agreements that describe the area of cooperation in detail, as well as some coordinating bodies representing the countries involved.
According to its website, it was originally known as the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC). The organization was formed in Lusaka, Zambia on 1 April 1980, following the adoption of the Lusaka Declaration. It was originally formed with the aim of eliminating dependency on apartheid South Africa. The Declaration and Treaty establishing the Southern African Development Community (SADC) which has replaced the Co-ordination Conference was signed at the Summit of Heads of State or Government on 17 August 1992, in Windhoek, Namibia.
Member states of SADC are Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe (SADC).
SADC is an intergovernmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana. Its goal is to further social-economic cooperation and integration as well as political and security cooperation among its member states (SADC). The main objectives of SADC are to achieve development, peace and security, and economic growth, to alleviate poverty, enhance the standard and quality of life of the peoples of Southern Africa, and support the socially disadvantaged through regional integration, built on democratic principles and equitable and sustainable development.
The Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP) and the Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ (SIPO) remain the guiding frameworks for SADC Regional Integration, providing SADC Member States, SADC Secretariat and other SADC Institutions with consistent and comprehensive programs of long-term economic and social policies. The Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan is reinforced by guiding principles that seek a common future for the Southern African region, as enshrined in the SADC Mission (SADC).

CASE STUDY: MAURITIUS
According to the SADC website, the republic of Mauritius gained independence from Britain on 12th March 1968. The republic of Mauritius is situated in the South West Indian Ocean, approximately 2,400 mks from the South East coast of Africa, located just to the North of the tropic of Capricorn. The island is only 64kms in length and 46kms at its widest point, with a total area of 2,040kilometers per squared. It was formed from submarine volcanic activity.
According to Mauritius official website , as a political entity, the republic includes the tiny island of Rodrigues some 563kms to the east, as well as Carogados Carajus Archipelago (st. Brandon) and the two virtually uninhabited Agalega Islands, 400kms to the North East and 1000kms to the North of Mauritius respectively. With a...

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