2. What features were common to all of England's southern colonies and what features were peculiar to each one?
The southern colonies of England had certain features that were corresponding to one another as well as characteristics that were dissimilar. The southern colonies were Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. To some extent, a few of the colonies were committed to the exportation of commercial agricultural products whereas others such as Georgia and North Carolina were not. In order for them to have plantation based economies, forced labor was a mandatory aspect that was frequently seen within the colonies excluding Georgia. All of the southern plantation colonies allowed some form of religious toleration. Aristocratic rule was also evident in all the colonies except for North Carolina.
Virginia was the first plantation colony established by England and it relied on the staple crop known as tobacco. It served as an economic savior due to the high demands from Europeans. As the demand for tobacco increased, the need for fresh labor became mandatory. By 1650 enslaved blacks made up 14% of the colony's population. One distinguishing feature Virginia had was that representative self-government was born within its colony. Maryland, the second plantation colony, differed in that it was founded as a refuge for Catholics. Although resentment towards catholic colonists caused rebellion Maryland still flourished as it blossomed acres of tobacco and utilized forced labor. Black slaves began to be imported in large numbers. By allowing a sense of religious toleration, Lord Baltimore, the founder of Maryland, hoped to achieve acceptance of Catholics.
The colonization of the Carolinas relied on the sugar plantation systems in the Barbados as well as the exportation of products like wine, silk, and...