After WWII, the world witnessed another international conflict. This one looked as a long term conflict between the two biggest world superpowers born after the end of WWII: the United States of America and the Soviet Union (URSS).
The most powerful nations fought an undeclared war against each other transforming all political boundaries in almost all countries in all continents. Also the political ideology and the political systems were transformed by such a conflict better known as the Cold War.
In 1962, the Cold War reached its peak bringing the world to an almost imminent nuclear war between the Soviet Union and the United States of America.
The beginning of WWIII pended by an executive order held by President John F. Kennedy and that order could have changed forever the entire world again.
The conflict began with the challenge of the Soviets. Their Soviet expansion plans of bringing Socialism to Latin America using Cuba as an ideology distribution center gave to Soviets the possibility to control Central and South America and also gave them the opportunity to get closer to the United States of America in the event of a war between the two nations.
After President Kennedy’s inauguration an exile conflict emerged with the government of Fidel Castro in the Cuban Island. Kennedy permitted a band of Cuban exiles to invade Cuba with the intentions to overthrow Fidel Castro (John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum 2011). The mission ended in a failure for the Kennedy administration and the Soviets saw it as another success for their Socialist expansionism in this part of the world.
The conflict of the Cold War between United States and the Soviet Union was plagued of adventurous and excited intelligence missions were spies and espionage was a normal way of living for the two powers.
Intelligence became an activity in which they relied entirely for their foreign policies influences worldwide, each nation with different techniques and procedures, each one with its own characteristics and unique signatures. Perhaps in the last ones the Soviets over passed the intelligence discipline of the United States of America.
The Soviets were well known for their cold attitude and their strict discipline. These knowledgeable sources have identified many thousands of Soviet intelligence operations. The information they have provided on organization and doctrine is detailed, and covers most facets of the Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti (KGB, the civilian intelligence service) and the Glavnoye Razvedyvatelnoye Upravleniye (GRU, the military intelligence service). This is especially true of their foreign operations, and displays consistency overtime (Campbell 1991). The Soviet intelligence better known as the KGB was a critical body of the political system in the URSS. The Soviet strategy was always well planned and executed and in many occasions demonstrated better qualifications than their American counterparts.
Soviet intelligence used...