Soviet Union: The Collapse. Essay

579 words - 2 pages

In November 1987, Mikhail Gorbachev gave a speech to the Soviet Politburo saying, "Gentlemen, comrades, do not be concerned about all you hear about Glasnost and Perestroika and democracy in the coming years. They are primarily for outward consumption. There will be no significant internal changes in the Soviet Union, other than for cosmetic purposes. Our purpose is to disarm the Americans and let them fall asleep. We want to accomplish three things: One, we want the Americans to withdraw conventional forces from Europe. Two, we want them to withdraw nuclear forces from Europe. Three, we want the Americans to stop proceeding with Strategic Defense Initiative."Gorbachev is most famous for his time in power over the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. He had large dreams of reforming the Soviet Union system, but the total opposite resulted. The Soviet Union was completely collapsed by 1991. There are different opinions on what was the cause of this collapse. In my opinion, the single most important cause was their great economic problems.Some may try and argue that the collapse was caused from Gorbachev gaining control over the Soviets. I, on the other hand, do not believe that the collapse would have happened if the economy was not falling so fast. When Gorbachev took over, the economy was declining so rapidly that a reform was nearly impossible. The economy had a high production rate but a low productivity rate (Roskin & Berry 99).The Soviet Union's technology was also very behind for its time. The economy would not have been at such a loss if they had a greater strength in technology. The United States had ten years of technological advances on the Soviet Union (Hoffman). The economy could have strived...

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