Spain And India's Political And Legal System

2339 words - 9 pages

The political and legal system of India and Spain are within the same geographical region. Although these countries are within the same region the challenges and opportunities presented by the existing political and legal system of India are different of those from Spain. India and Spain face different ethical and social responsibilities to their people. Trying to keep within the political and legal system of these countries often times can create challenges for the organizations.Political and Legal systems in IndiaAccording to the Economist Intelligence Unit (2006) the political and legal system of India is classified as a constitutional federal democracy. This form of government is styled after the British parliamentary form, and its structure and function is modeled by the world's longest and most detailed Constitution. The Constitution was adopted in 1949 and put into effect in January 1950. The basic principles of the Constitution State India as a sovereign, socialist, secular republic, enumerating key human rights of justice, liberty, and equality among the people of India. It also states India as a union of states made up of 28 states and the division of power between federal and state governments. The Indian Constitution is also specific about the direction in the formation of social policy, mentioned no definition on sanctioned religion, and allows in cases of emergency to the suspension of democratic rights. This same Constitution gives ability to the federal government to fix or modify the state's power and the divisional state borders. The Indian legal and political system is divided into judicial, executive, legislative branches, and power is divided among the three. Their Legislative branch is referred to as the "Sansad." The supreme legislative body, also known as the parliament of India which is a bicameral legislature made up of an upper and a lower house. The lower house (Lok Sabha) elected by the people and the upper house (Rajya Sabha -Council of States) selected by both the state legislature and some nominated by the president. The president's role is not just as executive, but also a part of parliament. The executive branch of India is a dual executive made up of a President and Prime Minister. In this case, the prime minister acts as head of the government, and elected by the party in power of the lower house and the council of ministers that work under him. The president is elected as the head of state; his powers are mostly ceremonial but in times of emergency his powers are put to practice. Finally, there is the judiciary branch, which is guided by the Supreme Court, which determines legislative bills and is the jurisdiction that handles disputes of state and union. The president appoints its members. Alongside the Supreme Court India also have lower courts and head of courts for each state to oversee and enforce the state and local issues.Political and Legal systems in SpainSpain operates through the form of a...

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