Spain And Back Essay

1093 words - 5 pages

Spain was first to come to the Americans and the first to make contact with the indigenous people. Spain’s voyages to the Americans in the late fifteen and early sixteen century are known worldwide as the pioneer of the colonialism. Hence every future examination of the colonialism idea will be compared to the Spanish colonialism because of its primacy in this manner. French colonization of the Americas began in early sixteen century and was mainly over North America. Comparison of these two empires in the Americas will help get clearer presumption of the colonies history in North America. Examining the differences between the two empires can help understand the power of the two empires, the ...view middle of the document...

The Spaniards saw themselves superior compared to the native and treated them as animals and not as people. Indigenous slavery became important aspect of commerce as human slaves were sent to mines, plantations and colonial zones. Using coercion and power they forced the natives to serve them to their purposes. The French had different approach about the native. The relationship between the indigenous and French was “father-son” relationship. The French saw themselves superior to the native and took the father role in this relationship and they knew that it is better to be partners, not enemies. The “middle ground” that was based on trading alliances show how tight those connections were. The French and the indigenous traded and fought together at some cases and even married each other, something that could never happen in the Spanish colonies. This difference between the reciprocity by French and the Spanish coercion was a difference in the ideology of the two empires about the natives. The ability of the Spanish to take over the occupied territories demonstrates the power that the Spanish had unlike the French that needed to create relationships with the indigenous and was far more depended on the native people.
But it wasn’t the only aspect that benefited the Spanish. Another aspect that needed to be observed is the power balances that both France and Spain met in the Americans. The Spanish have met two big empires in South America: the Inca and Aztec empires. The structure of those empires gave advantage in the distribution of their settlers. As they came to America they took over the trade routes, fields and plantations for their needs and that was simple because of those empires structure. Spain used all of that to gain control and power over their colonial zone that was one of the main causes to the rapid growth of the Spanish. On the other hand, when the French came to North America they meet land that was controlled by divided tribes and there wasn’t one actual leader on those lands. French found territory that is held by different chiefs and tribes and to gain control they need to create their own trades and resources. This difference in this aspect is significant. While Spain takes over all empire existing trades and connections, France is required to create those connections...

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