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Spanish American War Essay

1502 words - 6 pages

Spanish American WarMajor PlayersUnited States - President William McKinley; Admiral George Dewey;Commodore William Sampson; Commodore Winfield Schley; Major General Nelson Miles; Major General William Shafter; Major General Joseph Wheeler; and Colonel Theodore Roosevelt.Spain - Queen Regent Maria Cristina; General Blanco; Basilo Augustin Davila;Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasaron; Admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete; General Firmin Jaudenes; and General Jose Toral.Cuba - Lieutenant General Calixto Garcia IñiguezPhilippines - General Emilio AguinaldoCountries Involved United States Spain Cuba Guam Puerto Rico PhilippinesCausesThe issue of the war was, Cuban revolutionary groups wanted their independence from Spain. The United States supported the rebels. Cuba and Spain could not settle their differences peacefully.In 1895, the Cuban Revolutionary Party began a new revolution. Cuban rebels returned to Cuba to fight in this war. Spanish leaders decided to prevent Cuban villagers from helping the rebels. The villagers often supplied rebels with food and cared fro their wounds. After a while Spanish leaders gathered villagers in to a central camp and burned their farms and villages. The camp conditions were poor. Many Cubans became sick and starved in the camps. These terrible conditions attracted the attention of people in the United States.The U.S. government became very concerned about the war in Cuba. Many U.S. citizens lived and worked in Cuba. In January 1898, riots in Havana, Cuba, destroyed shops and endangered U.S. citizens living there. Rumors also spread that Spanish soldiers planned on killing several U.S. citizens.At the time, William McKinley was president, and he did not want to start a war, but he did want to prevent U.S. citizens from being harmed in Cuba. Spanish leaders also did not want to start a war, but they did not want to lose Cuba as a colony. Spanish leaders decided to release Cubans from the camps and offered Cuban leaders power to make some national decisions. However, Cuban leaders wanted complete control of their government, so the offer was declined.To protect U.S. citizens from being harmed President McKinley ordered the battleship Maine to sail into Havana's Harbor, hoping the presence would protect them. However, on February 15, 1898, and explosion erupted in Havana's harbor. This explosion sunk the Maine and killed 266 sailors. The explosion was unknown, but many people blamed it on Spain. The public pressured McKinley in to asking congress to declare war on Spain. The Spanish American war officially began on April 25, 1898.Results In September 26, 1898, Spanish and U.S. diplomats met in Paris, France. They met to discuss the terms for a peace treaty. The Treaty of Paris was signed on December 10, 1898. The U.S. now controlled overseas colonies as many European countries did. The islands of Guam and Puerto Rico became U.S. territories. The peace treaty also...

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