Spanish And English Interelation Essay

1619 words - 6 pages

PAGE PAGE 7
IntroductionNowadays, societies around the world are becoming connected and similar to each other due to globalization. That is the reason why a language in common, a lingua franca, is required to improve the communication between different cultures. Since important researches, advanced technological education, computer programming and expanding mass media are developed in First World countries -such as the USA- whose mother tongue is English; this language has turned into that lingua franca.Although English is spoken by people all over the world, there is still an unconscious influence of one´s mother tongue on English. Linguists have studied how and to what extent the native language influences the process of second language acquisition, a concept known as transfer. Individuals tend to transfer forms, meanings and distributions of words along with its syntax, pronunciation and semantics of their native language and culture when producing or receiving a second language (in this case, English).Transfer can be of a positive or negative kind. On the one hand, positive transfer facilitates the acquisition of a second language taking advantage of the mother tongue. On the other hand, negative transfer would mean the wrong adaptation of the given pattern into the terms of another language because of the bad influence of the mother tongue.Throughout this essay, we will consider the influence of Spanish over English, i.e. Spanglish (as a result) in the U.S.A.; and the influence of English over Spanish, i.e. Anglisisms (as a result) in Argentina.SpanglishNany countries are becoming socially and culturally integrated because of globalization, but are their languages being integrated as well? The fact is that languages are changing throughout the world and these days, the biggest change is the infiltration of English into the Spanish language.Due to the growing use of English in everyday speech and writing of Spanish-speaking people living in the U.S.A, a new language known as Spanglish was born. It is a hybrid "language" made up from Spanish by introducing English terms instead of translating them or by using wrong translations. Spanglish is becoming part of everyday life and is particularly spoken in California, Florida, Texas, some latin neighborhoods in New York and other cities.Examples of everyday Spanglish:
English

Spanglish

vacuum the carpet

vacunar la carpeta

call you back

te llamo para atrás

grocery

grocería

leak

likear

This contact between Spanish and English is creating influences in many directions and is contributing to an undeniable cultural fusion: the Hispanicization of the United States and the strong Anglo-saxonization of the Hispanics. Today, Spanglish is considered as an "oral phenomenon" but it also means different things for different people. For the Spanish community, Spanglish is like a sociolect whereas for the English community it is just a style.However, the impact of...

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