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Spearmans Model Of Intelligence And Gardners Multiple Intelligences

879 words - 4 pages

Individual Project Page 2Charles Spearman proposed his theory as justification for the current conception ofintelligence as a single entity that could be scientifically represented by a global measure. Henoticed that diverse measures of performance tend to be highly correlated, thus, performanceappeared to be dictated by one general characteristic, with the presence of task specific factors toexplain less than absolute correlations between tests(Rogers,318-20). Consequently, Spearman'sTwo-Factor theory described intellectual performance as a combination of general intelligence(g) which is present in differing degrees in all individuals, and those specific factors (s) whichvary in their ...view middle of the document...

Let's say that you view intelligence not as asingle overall ability, but as a collection of abilities. It follows, then, that any single number onan intelligence test will provide, at best, an inadequate account of a persons ability (Sternberg,Grigorenko, & Bundy, 2001).That is an overview of the Spearman Model, now lets take a look at Gardner's MultipleIntelligences. Howard Gardner suggests that there is more to intelligence than scores on currentintelligence tests. People can manifest intelligence in many ways that are not tapped by suchtests. ( Stephen F. Davis & Joseph J. Palladino). Lets focus on the seven kinds of intelligenceaccording to Howard Gardner, the first is logical-mathematical, which is used in solvingmathematics and in logical thinking. It is the ability to handle long chains of reasoning. Thesecond is linguistic, which is sensitivity of the sounds, rhythms, and meanings of words. Thethird is musical, which the ability to produce and appreciate rhythm and pitch, also very highlevel of competence. The Fourth is spatial, which is the ability to grasp how objects orient inspace, which can be very useful in art and navigation. The Fifth is bodily kinesthetic, which isthe...

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