Special Education: Examining The Pros And Cons Of Inclusion In Education

1105 words - 4 pages

If one looks at the word “Inclusion”, its definition states that the word means being a part of something or the feeling of being part of a whole. By looking at this term, one gets a sense about what inclusion education is all about (Karten p. 2). Inclusion education is the mainstreaming of Special Education students into a regular classroom (Harchik). A school that involves inclusive education makes a commitment to educate each and every student to their highest potential by whatever means necessary (Stout). Their goal is for all children, disabled or not, to be able to attend a typical classroom.
Legally, Inclusion is defined by Public Law 94-142 from 1975. This law, known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or IDEA, does not contain the term “inclusion”, however, it describes the term “Least Restrictive Environment” which means that a handicapped child must be placed in a classroom that can meet their needs but is as close to a regular classroom as possible (Villa p. 4). IDEA states that:
“to the maximum extent appropriate, handicapped children, including those children in public and private institutions or other care facilities, are educated with children who are not handicapped, and that special classes, separate schooling, or other removal of handicapped children from regular educational environment occurs only when the nature or severity of the handicap is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily. (P.L 94-142, Section 1412) (Villa p. 5).
This part of the law does explain that even though it is the goal of the school to try and include handicapped children in regular classrooms, it is not always possible if the nature of a child’s handicap is more severe.
Inclusion is a somewhat controversial issue because it not only relates to education and school values but also and individuals sense of worth (Stout). Inclusion is not without its upside and downside. Although the idea of inclusion may sound good, when implemented it sometimes has problems. Many children have benefited from inclusion; however, it sometimes does not live up to its promise to educate handicapped children to full potential. For inclusion to work properly there is some need for restructuring in the schools (Villa p. 9). Inclusion is not always the best possible choice for a special needs student. Public schools are sometimes unable to provide for the needs of the student where specialized education is involved (Harchik).
Many supporters of inclusion assume that regular education teachers are able to accommodate students that are handicapped (Teacher Vision). Sometimes, regular classroom teachers are not capable to provide for the needs of the handicapped child. They do not always have the training required to teach a handicapped child (Harchik). Although the instruction may be appropriate for special education, the size and resources of a regular education classroom may...

Find Another Essay On Special Education: Examining the Pros and Cons of Inclusion in Education

Special Education in the US and Denmark

1328 words - 5 pages The human right to have access to education is an international concern for people with disabilities. Countries have evolved from desegregation and separation to inclusive educational systems where students with disabilities. Denmark was one of the first countries for inclusion in school systems and special education within the regular school system has existed for 99 years, and special teacher training has a 66-year history (Egelund, 2000

The Effects of Inclusion on Mainstream Education

1538 words - 6 pages placement of developmentally challenged children overturned. This made allowing children with learning disabilities to be included in mainstream education systems a requirement. The term coined for this process is know as inclusion. Following the verdict, Sean was immediately uprooted from his special education classroom of likeminded peers at Ridge school (present day Ridge Ruxton) and placed in a fist grade classroom alongside perfectly normal

Compares/Contrasts Continuum of Services and Inclusion for educating students with special needs in a general education system (about 4 pages).

1320 words - 5 pages these children. In full inclusion, the regular education teacher is required to modify instructions appropriately for one, two, or more students in a single classroom. Although differentiated instruction is sound theory, in reality even the best trained and most motivated teachers have difficulty meeting the diverse needs of their heterogeneous classes, let along the special requirements of students with moderate to severe disabilities.Although

Reading in Special Education

682 words - 3 pages There has been a growing interest in special education recently. Special education students now can be included into the general education classrooms and this has sparked a lot more literature concerning special education to be written. There are many magazines, books, and journals that are just for special education teachers or professionals that work in the area of special education. An example of just one of the magazines that a teacher could

Minorities in Special Education

2196 words - 9 pages or improve this system? Special education is a large part of the education system, which includes the mentally retarded, people with learning disabilities, the emotionally disturbed, hearing impaired, visually impaired, etc. Many people fail to include this system as one that can possibly involve discrimination, but those enrolled in special education has increased among all racial classifications. Between 1980 and 1990, the

Math in Special Education

1396 words - 6 pages students struggling could be environmental factors such as attitudes about math, fear of math, and the quality of teaching. (Sousa 2007) The first strategy that is helpful for students in Special Education is doing hands on activities. Activities such as mathematical bingo (Students asked for example what 8-4= then on the sheet they look to see if they have a 4 on their board), money exercises, and others make a great way of letting students

Math in Special Education

1065 words - 4 pages teachers are stepping up to the plate. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) has led the movement for education reform in mathematics. The NCTM began in the mid-1970’s and was a public voice of mathematics education that supported teachers, and tried to ensure learning of the highest quality for all students. This council set in motion a much needed discussion and debate about math in America’s school system. The NCTM set

Minorities and Special Education

2097 words - 8 pages Disproportionate identification of minority students in special education is a major concern in schools today. This paper describes the issues in the assessment process with minority students and how we have arrived at a situation where minorities are being misdiagnosed into special education programs. Additionally, several legal cases are mentioned which show numerous actions and rulings that have tried to correct the disproportionate

History of Special Education

1540 words - 6 pages future challenges that the laws have on special education. History of Special Education For most of our nation's history, children with special needs or disabilities were shunted aside. In spite of mandated education laws that had been in place since 1918, many students were denied education and forced to learn at home or be institutionalized. For the few mild or moderate disabilities students who were allowed to enroll in special programs in

History of Special Education

1216 words - 5 pages special education students and their teachers in the general classroom. Another obstacle to overcome is actually to help students make the transition from student to entering the community. The special education system has built in it a flaw for some students. These students because they do need intervention and help, will feel helpless and isolated when those services are no longer available. The area of infants and toddlers is also an area were

Special Education

6506 words - 26 pages , and placement made because it is already available in a school district. The inclusion controversy continues in special�education�because the place and the nature of instruction involve conflicting notions of discrimination, rights, and fairness, as well as conflicting criteria for success and interpretations of law. The controversy will not be resolved without agreement about achieving the goals of equal rights and fairness for students with

Similar Essays

The Pros And Cons Of Bilingual Education In Malaysia.

823 words - 4 pages Earlier this year, Singapore’s former Prime Minister, Lee Guan Yew told the press (SinChew Daily, 2013) that he would like to urge all the parents in Singapore to let their children to receive bilingual education as soon as possible as it deliver more pros than cons for the development of the children. Traditionally, bilingual education was perceived by experts as “damaging” to children early language development as it may cause them to confuse

The Positive Effects Of Inclusion Of Special Education Students

2196 words - 9 pages , can help teach them how to better teach in comprehensive environment and help them grow as people. Cons of Inclusion Not everyone agree’s with the inclusion of special education into regular classroom settings. Many argue that everyone does not benefit from inclusion and that it in fact, hinders learning for some. They argue that teachers do not have time to properly teach and work with all students in the classroom. If a student falls behind

Special Education Students: Inclusion Vs Reality

1778 words - 7 pages , Robert L. The History of Inclusion in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet UP, 2005. Print. "Special Education." Issues & Controversies On File: n. pag. Issues & Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 7 Sept. 2007. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. . Tompkins, Richards, and Pat Deloney. "Concerns About and Arguments Against Inclusion and/or Full Inclusion." Inclusion: The Pros and Cons. 4.3 (1995): n

Multicultural And Inclusion Education Essay

1485 words - 6 pages experienced the importance of learning a new language myself. My goals as an educator are that my students develop and encounter their full potential in my classroom and in our society; moreover, help them to bring their unique and special gift to the world. To me, in a society like ours in which an amalgam of skin colors, customs, beliefs and styles are mixing in one place is essential that our education system fulfill the most essential civil rights