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Special Political And Decolonization Committee Of Morocco

1352 words - 6 pages

The issues before the Special Political and Decolonization Committee 2014 are: Child Labour; and Corporate Influence in Africa. The Kingdom of Morocco is pleased to announce our full commitment to support efforts in resolving both issues. Morocco recognizes the concerns and takes them as our first priority.

I. Child Labour

In 2004, Morocco updated the legislation relating child labor. The Labor Code of 2004 was published in the Bulletin Officiel on December 8, 2003 and took effect on June 7, 2004. The new Code rose the minimum age for employment from 12 to 15 years and illegalizes working hours of over 10 hours. In addition, the Government of Morocco ratified ILO Convention 138 ...view middle of the document...

Nonetheless, many Moroccan children are still performing work as child labourers that include the performance of physically demanding tasks and long hours. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that 66,000 to 88,000 children between the ages of 15, 70% of whom are 12, are working in Morocco today. This is closely linked to the cultural belief that children should work at an earlier age and the unsuccessful implementation of the ILO conventions.

Measures of restriction of child labour, including its worst forms, had been taken by the Moroccan government. Morocco has made budgetary allocations to protect children under the National Plan of Action given the importance Morocco placed on human development. In conformity with its international obligations, it has amended its legislation on child labour and developed programmes to ensure that children do not stay on the street. A reference plan was also elaborated that would lead to a national strategy to ensure equality between girls and boys. Programmes to stamp out child labour are supported by the International Programme for the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)-Morocco of the International Labour Office and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). In addition, a bill on domestic labour aimed at ending child labour and the economic exploitation of children was drafted by the Ministry of Employment in 2006 and has been submitted to the General Secretariat of the Government.

The elimination of child labour is based off of the elimination of poverty. The Kingdom of Morocco is committed to resolving issues of poverty and its counterparts that result in children becoming child labourers. Poverty rates in Morocco have decreased by more than 40 percent in during the last decade. During the last three decades, fertility dropped from 5.5 to 2.3 children per adult woman. Furthermore, the Moroccan government invested intensively in basic infrastructure programs, including an expansion of drinking water supply, electricity network and the road system. In addition, free trade agreements between the European Union association (1996), United States (2004), European Free Trade Association (1997), Turkey (2004), Arab League (1998), Tunisia (2004), Egypt (2004) and Jordan (2004) will ensure a stable economic trade with Morocco's partners and thus improving the social and environment standards for our nation. Morocco is still expanding its free trade partners with multiple agreements in progress. Morocco is working hard to place in fair trade agreements in the future. The Moroccan government desires to establish better working conditions and higher earnings that benefit the trades and the overall economy. The improvement of the economy will reduce the number of child labourers. As for the children that still remain as child labourers, the better working conditions will ensure their working areas are safe and non-hazardous. Fair trade not only brings extra income to the country, but also...

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